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Uplifting Nepal's rural smallholders farmers
19. November 2017 at 01:45
Nepal’s skewed land distribution has always been an unavoidable obstacle for infrastructural gain up in the lands of mid-hills. Besides, government seems unable to address the people of rural communities for participatory appraisals. Mid hills of Nepal owes above half the physical land however, agri-able land is pathetically and unstoundingly low. This conditions have led to subtantial increment in problems over rural smallholders in Nepal.
The cause is simple and genuine. Priority has always been focused over minor issues rather than burning issues.Since then, Government has been unable to bear the responsibilities of what circumstances the situations has led to.

Rural areas have been lagging in every sectors since centuries.Multi-factorial causes may have led to this situation. Nevertheless, , social barriers come onto act for the excluded group for not to have access to or control over land because of the deeply rooted feudal systems designed by customary beliefs and highly skewed power groups of that period. These groups were originally deprived of the land titles and still behind in some circumstances. The same case applies to the Dalit communities and backwarded groups. Even though they had been land cultivators as ploughmen and wage labourers at a time when there was plenty of land, they were denied the land ownership and control because of their castes and traditional division of labour. Similarly, women were denied the land title because they had to depend upon males due to customary beliefs. However, some slight progress has been achieved in this regard in recent times.

Land distribution in Nepal is skewed. There are also various discriminations in Nepal based on land. This is more related to historical process after the unification of country. Land was utilized as a way to gather political and military support by the government or the state. As a result, a larger part of production and good quality land has been distributed to powerful people in the forms of grants.Women constitute a large portion of the economically active population engaged in agriculture, both as farmers and as farm workers, and play a crucial role in ensuring household food security, despite enjoying very limited rights to land resources.

Keeping these conditions in view, International organizations and NGO’s have burned their oils to put forth their keen interest in the upliftment of infrastructural set up and marginal farm holding situation of rural people of Nepal. This has obliged the government of Nepal to pay attention to private companies and the international communties. In this recent decade, the work of government seems eligibly appreciable. But, there is still a lot to go on. International organizations such as Care international hosteb by USA, Action Aid International, Nepal by UK, Joy together by Korea, International Development Enterprise Inc (IDE) etc., and NGO’s such as Prayas Nepal, Samudayik jagerna club, Maiti Nepal, Shakti samuha etc., have been toiling their efforts to boost the economy and social status of rural people of Nepal since their establishment. They have sworn an oath to bring rural communities in indiscriminate stream of development. A perfect and applicable example of such non-government organization still working on mid hills of Nepal is Painchho pasal.

Painchho pasal is an indigeneous name addressing its commitment towards rural people. It was established in the fiscal year 2014/15 under the direct investment of shareholders however, owned by a single agri- personnel Dhurva Neupane, the resident enterpreneur of Gulmi district of Nepal. During its establishment months, initial investment was 1 croce and worked concentratively in Gulmi district. However, it now earns a revenue of 35 croces by 2017 and extended its services in 15000 small agri- homes of Nepal. This year, the organization invested a net sum of 20 croces with the generation of profit of about 1.5 croces.It owns 300 employees altogether for whom the allocated total gross salary is 25 lakhs per month. The organization is technically supported by 8 JTA’s and 4 B.Sc.Ag graduates working together for technical support and extension to rural farmers of respective working areas.

Painchho pasal has depicted its objective to encourage and enroll the youths of local communities of rural areas and uplift their economic status. This has led some additional contribution to prevent brain- drainage prevalent in Nepal. Ideas and skills of local youths are utilized in technical fields. Painchho pasal undergoes priliminary collection of raw materials anything farmers want to sell.For this, separate collection officer is appointed in the local level of VDC. Processing unit has been established in Ruru kshetra (Ridi) of Nepal.It processes about 5 tons of tomato daily to produce puree which is finally processed to ketch-up. This organization has a daily transaction of 10 lakhs. Head office is located in Baltaksar of Nepal and the corporate office is in Butwal. 30 distribution centres have been allocated through direct collaboration with private distributor agencies.The transaction activity is carried out in retail as well as whole sale market. Painchho pasal supplies Jumla bean, a unique agri- product of Jumla, at a reliable cost of Rs 150 per kg. For the collection of raw unprocessed agri-produce, 3 trucks have been under operation.

Besides painchho pasal, several other NGO’s have been established in Nepal with the objective of boosting the status of rural smallholder farmers of Nepal.Their motive may be profit orieted but, their activities are directly or indirectly affecting the rural farmers in easing up the farming practices and produces. Prayas Nepal, one of the eminent NGO of Nepal, depicts its possibility of uplifting the marginal landholders of Nepal. It has been toiling up its effort for working in health as well as infrastructural sector of rural communities. Similarly, several INGO’s with the fund of developed countries are putting their efforts in rural communities. Finally, the condition has changed. Rural communities are no more rural in sense.They have accelerated through economic gain and are having a better standard of living. NGO’s and INGO’s have provided the rural people with job opportunities in their own communities. Finally, rural people have been able to seek perfect outfit to generate handsome income in native land.
Cite This Article As: Santosh Bhandari. "Uplifting Nepal's rural smallholders farmers." International Youth Journal, 19. November 2017.

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