The recent events in Venezuela has drawn series of attention around the nook and crannies of global relevance. The Bolivarian Republic is at the height of losing it all if this political uprising gravitate into a civil war as already preconceived by incumbent president Nicholas Maduro whose recent utterances makes situation rather worse.
The once oil rich nation is at the brink of both leadership and political collapse arising from leadership failure and government dysfunction. The Venezuela situation reckons first as that of a flourishing oil industry running at a colossal loss. Indeed, it is fair to say that leadership Stereotype in the southern American nation has lost the primary focus and tenets of governance. From extreme poverty to gross humanitarian crisis, the sad story emanating from Caracas relays very apparently the gross disregard of law and order on the side of the incumbent administration led by Nicholas Maduro. The self-styled authoritarian leader since 2014 has continued to governed the once oil rich nation through dictatorial whims and political caprices.
From hyper-inflation rate index to an absolute devastation of the Bolivar currency, the economy calculation on until 2015 have continued to be bedeviled by gross negative indices tripled by the unending political miscarriages largely responsible for the worsening state of the socio-environmental hardship. Venezuelan's have painfully and obediently endured series of political ineptitude, gross economic annihilation, social discomfort, and a debilitating state of leadership failure. It is no longer news that an average Venezuelan citizen live very below a cent which obviously contradicts various international charter and conventions on living standard indexes.
Since Maduro took over the reins of power in 2013, following the death of Hugo Chavez, the southern American nation has since not know peace. The administration has been found wanting in almost every instances of Human Rights abuses, opposition muscling, and a total abuse of power, and office.
With a manhandling of the nation's economy, the annual inflation rate reached a record 1,300,00% in a whole cycle year extending viciously to Nov.2018. Sadly, the economy became very much heightened at the exit end of 2018 were prices of good and basic commodities kept increasing on an average of 19 days interval. It has been a situation of living from hand to mouth in a country known to have the largest oil reserves globally. Ranked among the top ten exporter of oil prior to the coming of the incumbent administration.This negative changes has indeed made a vast majority of the people to make very quick yet difficult choices as millions of Venezuelans continues to ply very narrow route to neighboring Colombian and other southern American nation in search for greener pastures and safety.
According a UN report, an estimated three million persons have fled the troubled nation since 2014 and still counting.
Maduro, a former taxi driver rode to power officially on April 19, 2013 shortly after the death of foremost leader Hugo Chavez whose third term bid was cut short by his demise on March 5th 2013.The current heightened political crisis in Venezuela culminated on Jan.10 2019 when the incumbent on the expiration of his first term in office was inaugurated for a second term in office by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Tribunal of Venezuela Maikel Moreno. This was as a result of his reelection which he won in a fraudulent and contrived process on the 20th of May 2018. An electioneering process many international observers perceived as a rape unto democratic tenets and norms.
This single act of democratic deviance and a flagrant show of disrespect to the people of Venezuela through a fraudulent and micromanaged electioneering process, the international community immediately dissociated themselves from recognizing Nicholas Maduro as a legitimate president. According to the organisation of American states and other western powers, a fresh election must be considered if fairness and equity must be maintained. A request Maduro stubbornly ignored with apparent disdain.
This made countries like United States, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Canada, Japan, Australia, and other EU nations like Finland, Ireland, Austria, Netherlands, Poland, Czech Republic, Sweden, Spain, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Estonia, Denmark, Belgium, Malta, among other nations in considering a new govt for Venezuela as they perceived Maduro presidency as illegitimate and a dictator to the core.
The Lima Group comprising Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Saint Lucia in a statement joined the bandwagon of rejection of the election of Nicholas Maduro. According to this group, the Venezuelan govt led by Nicholas Maduro has erred on the side of ethics and good conduct in complying with international best practices for a free, fair, and transparent elections.
On the reverse coin, nations like Antigua and Barbuda, Belarus, Bolivia, China, Cuba, Dominica, Egypt, El Salvador, Iran, North Korea, South Africa, Russia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Syria, Turkey (the only NATO member) and the disputed state of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara) recognized the election result as they stand with the incumbent.
On the flip side of the coin, the organisation of American states after a special session of its Permanent Council resolved a resolution by taking a stand on the illegitimacy in Venezuela. The National Assembly invoked a state of emergency which made a majority of nations to remove their embassies from Venezuela and their diplomats recalled. According to them, Maduro's clinging to power meant an illegitimate de facto dictatorship which is unacceptable according to best practices.
On the 23rd of January 2019, the Venezuelan National Assembly declared Juan Guaidó as an interim president by that organ. Immediately he was swiftly adopted as the legitimate president both on the international and local stage. From Washington to London down to Paris, Mr Juan Guaidó of the Centrist social democratic popular Will party became the beautiful bride of the majority within the international flair through policies articulation on a candid level.
At this level, the political uprising got to a climatic momentum which have brought the southern American nation to a fresh start towards the near end of her long standing leader who in recent times has chose to rule Venezuela by decree.
In a recent interview with the BBC Orla Guerin on Feb.12, Maduro blasted all those who think Venezuelans are suffering. He however denied the current humanitarian crisis bedeviling the troubled nation. According to the de facto leader, the current situation as painted by the Westerner's is a fairy tale cooked up in the figment of their imagination.
"Do we have problems? Yes. But Venezuela is not a country with hunger.
Venezuela has the highest levels of nutrients, has extremely high levels of access to food and that stereotype, that stigma that they have tried to put on us, has only one objective: present a humanitarian crisis that does not exist in Venezuela, in order to do an intervention".
While Mr Juan Guaidó has tried to liaise with the Venezuelan military in an attempt to win a majority of their support so as to reopen the blocked Colombian border in Cúcuta through which foreign aids comes into the country in an attempt to placate the sufferings of millions of Venezuelan's,Nicholas Maduro seems adamant in believing in his own self delusions.
" Venezuela has dignity, Venezuela produces and works and our people do not beg from anyone", He told the BBC. "I am telling you that the BBC in London has created a stereotype - the American media also - of a Venezuela that doesn't exist".
"We have 4.4% of what we call extreme poverty, misery. Of course this is still something that we have to overcome, but we came from 25% of extreme poverty, and we have reduced all the indexes of inequality".
The Situation in Venezuela is at a near end, the country is been faced with serious humanitarian crisis, the uprising continues to stare hardship in a land once known for her richness. The question remains thus: Who will save Venezuela from this shackle of extreme poverty and gross political uncertainty? How close is Juan Guaidó is making history?
To understand the real issues prior to the culmination of events in Venezuela, find time to read this article written 22nd September 2018 https://youth-journal.org/the-venezuela-crisis-and-the-dictatorial-rule-of-nicholas-ma
Link To Article: https://youth-journal.org/the-venezuela-uprising