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History of Racism in Mississippi
07. April 2020 at 20:07
by Athar Azad Muhammad Athar Azad
Uneducated Politicians, Followed By Racism Is The Curse In The Development Of Any Country. Racism, a creed that creates a sense of discrimination among humans of superior and inferior is a curse on the passion of humanity. Have you ever wondered who much ugly this spirit of racism for humanity? Racism is a catastrophe that kills the honor of humanity and promotes obscene. A belief that groups of humans possess different behavioral traits corresponding to physical appearance, and can be divided based on the superiority of one race over another. Racism should be eradicated from society and equality based on equity should be established.

Racism is also considered as prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against other people because they are of a different race or ethnicity. History: Racism existed during the 19th century as "scientific racism", which attempted to provide a racial classification of humanity. In 1775 Johann Blumenbach divided the world's population into five groups according to skin color (Caucasians, Mongols, etc.), positing the view that the non-Caucasians had arisen through a process of degeneration.

Polygamist Christophe Mainers for example, split mankind into two divisions which he labeled the "beautiful White race" and the "ugly Black race". In Meiners' book, The Outline of History of Mankind,(1) he claimed that a main characteristic of race is either beauty or ugliness. He viewed only the white race as beautiful. He c...

The Ethics and Politics of Climate Change
04. April 2020 at 19:04
by Francine Beatriz Pradez
Too often the discourse about rapid climate change and our collective goal for a better world is anchored on the scientific and technical aspect of the issue which often becomes an exclusive discourse that is accessible to only a select percent of the population. By analyzing how the advocacy of the climate movement affects society, the discourse becomes more inclusive and relevant to everyone.

The call for climate justice is an emerging social movement that had found its roots in various sectors of society particularly the marginalized by reframing climate change as a manifestation of liberal capitalism and aggressive politics, not just an environmental concern. Because of the futile struggle of contemporary environmentalism and the lack of political urgency to address climate change, the campaign for Climate Justice stands to be a proactive, dynamic, and inclusive solution to the problem at hand. It seeks to understand the intricacies of climate change in an ethical and political perspective primarily on how the mitigation of climate change is an equitable responsibility of the few and not an equal burden to be shared by many.

Within society, the dominant disco...

Dealing with Another Kind of Poverty
08. February 2020 at 18:59
by Simona Kovachevska
The real question is not whether the education is a way out of poverty. The real question is whether alleviating poverty is the best way for improving the education. How does changing the point of view change the story?

We were supposed to stand on the brink of a new era regarding the constant technology development, economy growth, globalization and sustainability. However, standing on that brink may last longer as the recent tests in education showed disappointing results. The reading proficiency among students does not reach satisfactory levels and as long as the reading skills are considered crucial for understanding and specializing in any subject in future, this could be the new challenge we are facing with.

Recently World Bank introduced the concept of Learning Poverty which means being unable to read and understand a simple text by age of 10. According to the brief from World Bank 260 million children are not participating in education processes and 53 percent of children in low- and middle-income countries, or even 80 percent...

Impeachment Inquiry - Will president Trump escape?
18. November 2019 at 21:02
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
Impeachment from time immemorial results more from a political undercurrent than any other smoke screen make-believe objective. However, according to the given specific grounds as stated in the constitution which includes treason, bribery, high crimes and misdemeanor, both the Senate and the House must state beyond every reasonable doubt that an elected official have fallen short of any of the listed grounds.

From the Crimea to Washington, the dramatic unfolding of events as it happens in real time has continued to attract both startling remarks and baffling attention. Similar to what is attainable in a box office thriller, the melodramatic events currently playing out at the United States most treasured building calls for a cursory look with serious concern. 

From been a reality TV showman to becoming the 45th president of the United States, Donald Trump has continuously hobnobs through scandals and controversies since his official assumption into office on January 20th 2017. From the sublime to the ridiculous president Trump alongside his henchmen has continue to stir the ship of states through unparalleled affinity for unethical conduct and unbridled disregard for standard and convent...

Of Udus and the state of insecurity
20. October 2019 at 08:00
by Yasir Ibrahim
Remorsefully, I remind you of the fear of students, especially those in the new city Hostels (Bakassi) and indeed all of the students, who still feel unsecured holding their laptops and phones; that's in addition to the fear of being assaulted on the way to our respective halls of residence.

In UDUS, like other higher education institutions in the world, safety and security of persons particularly students’ residence remain topical. Studies revealed that crime and violence are prevalent in schools and higher learning communities, so UDUS is not excluded.

Clearly, security of lives and properties on our campus is deficient — especially main campus — this has dragged us to an emergency, and the university management taking priority in ensuring that students can pursue their academic activities without threat.

This incessant habit has caught the eyes of many on campus as night reading by students has become a thing of threat, and their properties unprotected. This has been observed to be a result of security negligence by the school authority. The glaring result is stealing of properties of n...

The Challenge of Four
07. October 2019 at 08:01
by Meshach Idoko
Nigeria is considered a fast-growing country which has almost every type of resources necessary for its success; but for some reasons, we still are facing some huge economic problems in the country. Some of them seem like they can be solved easily while others appear to be tough. But there are no problems that cannot be fixed at all. In this article, we will try to focus our attention on four major challenges as well as proffer practical solutions to these challenges, which are ingredients lacking in our institutions today, including the health, legal, educational and economic institutions as well as the government. These ingredients are Leadership, Innovativeness, Teamwork and the Pursuit of Significance beyond mere success.

Nigeria is considered a fast-growing country which have almost every type of resources necessary

for its success; but for some reasons, we still are facing some huge economic problems in the

country. Some of them seems like they can be solved easily while others appear to be tough. But

there are no problems that cannot be fixed at all. In this article, we will try to focus our attention

on four major challenges as well as proffer practical solutions to these challenges, which are

ingredients lacking in our institutions today, including the health, legal, educational and economic

institutions as well as government. These ingredients are Leadership, Innovativeness, Teamwork

and the Pursuit of Significance beyond mere success.  



Happy 59th Independence Nigeria
26. September 2019 at 08:48
by Idiongomfon Clement
Independence, according to the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary is freedom from political control by other countries; the time when a country becomes politically independent.

Contemporary independence does not end at being free from the rulership of another country. It is synonymous to democracy, entailing in it its internal political affairs. The African continent has about 54 independent states. On analysis, elections are seen as a sole indicator of a thriving democracy. 

According to the former UN Secretary General- Kofi Annan “Democracy is not just about one day every four/five years when elections are held, but a system of government that respects the separation of powers, fundamental freedoms like the freedom of thought, religion, expression, association and assembly and rule of law… Any regime that rides roughshod on these principles loses its democratic legitimacy regardless of whether it initially won an election”.

2015 and 2016 years have witnessed treme...

9/11 attacks- What has changed
18. September 2019 at 08:00
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
An attack that claimed the lives of over 3,000 persons, injured over 6,000 persons with a damage cost worth in property over $10 billion must indeed never been forgotten lest, the world becomes prone again to the actions of terror groups. September 11, 2001, the world mourns the innocent victims, including the over 400 fire-fighters and 72 law enforcement officers whose blood was shed at the altar of patriotism. Never again.

Americans have never been taken unaware since the blitz Krieg ops that took place at Pearl Harbor by the imperial Japanese Navy Air service upon the United States against the naval base of the US at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii Sunday December 7, 1941 at about 18:18 GMT. It was one experience that places the Americans an the edge as they officially signed-in to the World War II as a contending force. Basically, it was one of FDR’s hardest decisions to make aside the great depression decision struggle.

Just like a dream, it happened again but this time, it was even more monumental as Americans was taken aback with the dastardly act of human wickedness that pervaded such attacks. It was in the morning of Tuesday September 11, 2001. Not many Americans had barely had their breakfast as others hurried down to work ...

M5S - Lega Government at the end of the line
01. September 2019 at 08:01
by Fiorenza Gemma
Italy thrown into uncertainty by incompetence and personal aspirations. The most mocked country because of its ridiculous policies, is filled with shame and uncertainty because of the failure of the "Government of Change".

The 20. 08. 19 was such a dramatic and crucial day for the Italian Government and for the country itself.

Dramatic because the feeling of discouragement, to which Italians have lately become unpleasantly accustomed, has increased exponentially. Indeed, nowadays Italians mostly feel indolent and discouraged due to the political and cultural drift of their country, which has only got worse during the last few years, no matter all the false promises of the so called “Government of Change”; crucial because from yesterday on Italy will be the background of a new challenge: finding a new government. Indeed, having been dissolved the previous one by the Prime Minister, who resigned from his office by giving a speech full of recriminations and invective directed to Salvini, ...

The World’s Largest Democracy?
31. August 2019 at 08:04
by Muhammad Farooq Rasheed
The recent developments in Kashmir are not only affecting the natives but are also raising questions on the entire democratic setup of India. A democracy that has been celebrated throughout the world but now is thought to have been gone in the wrong hands.

Since independence from the British, India embraced two major legacies from its colonial masters and took it to a whole new level. One of them being cricket, the other is of course the Westminster style democracy. Historically, it has outperformed the Britons in both aspects. The Indian cricket team has been one of the most successful ones. And the Indian democracy is called the world’s largest democracy (perhaps because China isn’t democratic yet). These two facts have been the most decisive contributors to the Indian soft power throughout the world.

And how could anyone not commend the wonders Indian democracy has produced until now. We remember the 2004 Indian Lok-Sabha Elections in which Manmohan Singh (a Sikh) was sworn-in as Prime Minister by Sonia Gandhi (a roman-catholic Christian) under the President APJ Abdul...

The United States and her gun laws
20. August 2019 at 08:04
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
Barely thirteen hours later, just like a scary action thriller, there was a second shooter at Dayton, Ohio who opened fire killing nine persons with several injuries as mark on other victims. Indeed, both the city of El Paso and Dayton not only mourn their losses, they buried their loved ones in pain and grief as Millions of Americans joined voices together in calling for a strident gun laws.

Jordan and Andre Anchondo were shopping for school supplies at the Wal-Mart stores on Saturday August 3rd In El Paso, Texas, when suddenly the gunfire started sporadically. Jordan immediately shielded her two month old son from the hail of bullets, while her Husband Andre quickly jumped in front of her. Their infant son survived but the couple who recently celebrated their one year wedding anniversary was among the twenty two person’s killed in the deadly shootings that occurred in the city of El Paso. Terrible as it seems, one thing is certain and that is the painful memory that will linger-on in the heart of their now orphan son who will grow up and remember the terrible mass shootings that killed his parents as a result of reckless gun laws.

Barely thirteen hours later, just like a scary action thriller, there...

Knife crime and sharp object related instrument offences: A bane to the moral fabric
27. July 2019 at 11:00
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
In 2007, homicidal Knife related crimes was pegged at 272. It gradually pulled down to 186 in 2015, but geometrically increased to 285 from 2017-2018. Victims of these killings were largely older men within the age range of 18-24 with a disproportionate percentage being blacks and ethnic minority.

Jaden Moodie, 14 in Leyton, east London, on 8 January 2019 and Yousef Ghaleb Makki, 17, in Hale Barns, Greater Manchester, on 2 March 2019 are victims of circumstances. Though of different background but are conjoined in similar a fate. While the latter was brutally stabbed to death at an early hour of Saturday evening and was found dead by the police slumped against a tree on Gorse Bank Road at exactly 6:.40pm, the former was repeatedly stabbed by three men in a frenzied attack after been rammed by a car while the victim was riding a moped in Leyton. These two young teens joined several others who have suffered similar fate in the hands of Knife attackers in recent time.

According to Office of National Statistics (ONS), they have been a steep increase in Knife crime and other relat...

The Dividing Allegiance: A Never Ending Paradox of Geopolitical Supremacy
08. July 2019 at 09:55
by Jawwad Shadman Siddique
What do the Indian and Pakistani governments have in common? Both claim to love the Kashmiris. But the two countries that have fought three wars over Kashmir since partition in 1947 have a funny way of showing their love.

It wasn’t a trick question. Pakistan was playing India. Both were arch rivals. Emotions were running high and both countries would much rather lose the World Cup final than surrender to a friendly match against the other. Of course, Asif was going to support India and so too would Rehman; as he thought so. But Rehman’s allegiance lied in another side of the border. This would be unheard of in another part of India but we were in Kashmir Valley – which is an erstwhile paradise, now divided and lost to the wars fought over it between two twin nations. The fault lines running through the Kashmiri hearts divide their allegiance. It was not long ago when five Kashmiri university students were arrested on charges of sedition; merely for cheering for Pakistan.


What do the Indian and Pakistani governments have in common? Bot...

Donald Trump and Chairman Kim: Is this really about DMZ?
08. July 2019 at 09:53
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The epoch making events between the two leaders who operates very contrasting governments saw the US president defiling the odds as he crossed the DML at the truce village into North Korea in shook hands with Chairman Kim whose surprise was an expression made in ecstasy.

The president of the United States Sunday 30th June re-wrote the diplomatic history books shortly after he left the G-20 summit in Osaka Japan with a surprised visit to the North Korean leader. Trump who made possible this meeting arrangement through a supposed twitter call to the Korean leader officially became the first US president to step foot onto North Korea DMZ soil. It was the second time the two leaders will be meeting since their meet in Hanoi sometime in February 2019 and technically their third after the Singapore debut summit held at the Capella Hotel, Sentosa, Singapore in 2018. It was on this debut summit that the duo first officially made a move through a joint statement agreeing on varied peaceful negotiations with the main theme being a denuclearization of the Korean peninsula within the D...

Liberians Leverage Peace to Ask Government for Change
01. July 2019 at 19:53
by Janet M Kamara
A mammoth crowd of Liberians had gathered in the country’s capital Monrovia holding a peaceful protest tagged ‘June 7 or Save The State’ protest, the demonstration was hosted by the opposition who rallied the populace to clamor for positive change in the economy and machinery of governance. The thrust of the march was to seek redress on human rights' issues and the economy that keeps traveling southward.

George Weah's popular  government was accused of weakness in tackling corruption and shielding some high-profile officials from questioning and dismissal. 15.5 billion freshly minted Liberian dollars had disappeared on arrival at the ports; and  $25 million cash laid out for injection into the economy was reportedly mismanaged leaving the economy as sickly as ever. Inflation is heading for 3 digits pushing commodity prices sky-high. The Liberian currency keeps going  down against the US dollar and the impact of foreign aids has become so feeble fuelling suspicion of fiscal diversions.

 An investigation body with foreign inputs claimed no money was missing, but the people did not seem convinced.

Besides these economic issues, Liberians have also expressed d...

June 12: A kind reward worth a democracy day achieved
22. June 2019 at 00:27
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
From activist to students unions down to the regular Nigerian citizen, all was set for an epoch making events that many believe will inadvertently turn the fortune of a Nation into a charismatic candor of gloom and boom worthy of emulation thereafter. But behold, event took a negative nose dive to the consternation of many as not even the international community was spared in this horrendous and torrential shock not even the greatest fortune teller of all time could ever imagined.

Nigerians have never had it good. They have never had it so real and unassuming, but alas, on this day June 12, 1993, they shocked themselves in oneness as they all came out en-mass in one voice regardless of ethno-religious sentiments. It was a day that the most populous black nation shocked the global community both with a sacred heart kindness and a perfect blend of rare pristine civility. June 12 as it were, brought to the front-burner the hormonal coordination of a nation once known as the pride of Africa.

Behold, it was June 12, 1993 election D-Day. Many Nigerians had barely taken their shower; others had barely eaten, while some others gallantly endured the pain that comes along with an empty stomach as they took solace in the obvious euphoria of the moment, knowing same will bring good tiding afterwards. I...

Group Urged PMB to Appoint Youths in His New Cabinet
14. June 2019 at 14:04
by Yasir Ibrahim
A Civil Society Organization, under the aegis of United Youth Leaders for Development Initiative, has called on President Muhammadu Buhari to appoint young persons as Ministers, in some of the Federal ministries of government.

Group Urged PMB to Appoint Youths in His New Cabinet

Ibrahim Yasir

A Civil Society Organization, under the aegis of United Youth Leaders for Development Initiative, has called on President Muhammadu Buhari to appoint young persons as Ministers, in some of the Federal ministries of government.

This was contained in a statement released by the President of the group, Comrade Okwudili Victor, in Abuja, where he emphasised that youths are the leaders of today and not tomorrow that would never come. 

In his words "we are the leader of today with innovative ideas to transform our immediate environment positively for progress". 

Okwudili said there's no need jumping or belief that the youths are bad noting the elders we seen today were once a youth, it is an i...

Citizen Diplomacy to the UN: an Interview with Patrick Sciarratta
14. June 2019 at 13:57
by Vlad Chevachin
Patrick has gone through a fantastic life path: from a simple student and the creator of a rock band back in 1969 to a famous person and leader of the Youth Assembly at the United Nations. Following his goal - to benefit society - he continued to reach new heights, which the young idealistic Americans of his era always dreamed of. This article will inform you about an amazing person in capital letters!

“(Your) mission is so important, and… you are accomplishing remarkable things. Best wishes to you and everyone at the foundation!” (President William Jefferson Clinton for Patrick Sciarratta).

Patrick has gone through a fantastic life path: from a simple student and the creator of a rock band back in 1969 to a famous person and leader of the Youth Assembly at the United Nations. Following his goal - to benefit society - he continued to reach new heights, which the young idealistic Americans of his era always dreamed of. Patrick is an internationally recognized youth trainer, editor of the "NGO Reporter" and "Global Connections", founder of "The Vinculum Foundation" and a famous public figure. This article will inform you about an amazing person in capital letters!

I learned about him long...

Secret of Indian PM
14. June 2019 at 13:56
by Omkareshwar Jha
In India we got our new Prime Minister last month. We all celebrated world's largest democracy fest. That huge population came out from houses to celebrate the liberty they got. Our Prime Minister did really well & remained the face of leadership.

Prime Minister of India 2014-19 & again elected for next term 2019-23. Shri Narendra Modi ji.. his influence is so intense & he always projects Nation first policy.

He always projects Nation on all international platforms & that's his one of the greatest secret. His nation building policy truely leading India in upfront. International Yoga day that prime minister himself follow everyday & this is the secret of his sharp mind & healthy body. It brings courage & bring out potential to work for national & international wellbeing.

His journey was real though so is his position today. In India we celebrate the success of our legends. But the story behind it is inspiration for millions of upcoming people's as it come from our diverse nature & great human being. "Hardwork never brings fatigue it b...

Robert Muller breaks silence
11. June 2019 at 11:29
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The highly cerebral lawyer during a ten minutes long speech carefully and tactically sealed the coffin in relation to president Trump uncertain fate when he muttered these words in marble linings “If we had had confidence that the president didn’t commit a crime we would have said so”

“I will close by reiterating the central allegation of our indictments; that they were multiple, systematic effort to interfere in our election and that allegation deserves the attention of every American”   

Robert Swan Muller, superstar American fine lawyer Wednesday May 29th at the Justice department finally broke her long muted silence after two years of being special counsel in-charge of investigating Trump, Russian interference, and a possible obstruction of justice. 

The highly cerebral lawyer during a ten minutes long speech carefully and tactically sealed the coffin in relation to president Trump uncertain fate when he muttered these words in marble linings “If we had had confidence that the president didn’t commit a crime we would have said s...

The Alabama Abortion ban vs. The Jane Roe historic judgments
23. May 2019 at 23:26
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
Placing an outright ban on abortion and criminalizing the act with a life sentence penalty to health practitioners, the state of Alabama negatively and unkindly invokes the Texas abortion ban which contradicts the fourteen amendment as well as the Bills of Rights. This policy makes it even harder for women with little or no resources to have access to good Medicare in time of want.

The constitution of the United States as fully enforced in 1789 by all standard and principles, remains the Supreme law governing the United States of America. Embody into seven articles, its set absolute precedence on the rights and protections of all Americans. It’s first three articles are deep rooted in the dogma’s of separation of powers which orderly spells out the functions and responsibilities of her three tiers. The bicameral congress otherwise known as the legislative arm (Article One),the Executive housing the president and the Judicial arm consisting of the Supreme Court alongside other federal courts completes Article Two and Three respectively. Apart from Article Seven which establishes the legal framework and procedural ratification of same, the others being Articles Four, Five, and Six examines brightly, and brilli...

The Leadership Scourge in Nigeria And Africa - A Push for a Better Democracy
20. May 2019 at 21:57
by Esimaje Michael Onoseme
The militarization of the electoral process is a disservice to our democracy and a throwback to the jackboot era of military dictatorship. In some areas of the country, such as, Rivers, Akwa Ibom and Imo states, troops deployed for the elections turned their guns on the very citizens they were meant to protect. This is condemnable and should not be associated with our electoral process in the future.


Africa is dying. She is sick, directionless and visionless. Burdened with despots as leaders, the continent is in devilish but firm grips of deceitful educational systems, poverty breading economic policies, retrogression and accelerated self-destruction. Stating this, is simply lending voice to an already overstated ugly facts; it is no longer news. Worst is, it appears as if there are no solutions. Africans appear to be intelligent enough to discern problems, but at the same time, inhibited by hypnotism of some sort from desiring, finding and implementing solutions. 


The definition of African economy is chaos, madhouse and poverty. Most of our national economic policies are made and driven by people who cannot manage a local store in a remote vil...

Kendrick Castillo- Heroism at its peak
20. May 2019 at 21:56
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
While some may battle illness as a sign of their bravery even at the face of death with the intent of either dying or winning the battle to live again, others may have died on account of a good cause with little or no choice of their decision on such instances. No doubts, we have had cases of freedom fighters and activist who have died rallying a cause for the interest of others. However, very few have intentionally and purposefully died on the basis of altruism for others to live on account of their death.

"It doesn't surprise me. He cared enough about people that he would do something like that even though it's against my better judgment. I wish he had gone to hid- But that's not his character. His character is about protecting people, helping people. I know that because of what he did, others are alive, and I thank God for that. I love him. And he is a hero and he always will be. He just loved people that much."- John Castillo- Father of Kendrick Castillo

When a man dies for something, then he has died a righteous death. From the ethereal to the infinite space matter,...

15. May 2019 at 23:07
by Engr Saeed Ahmed Jattak
Balochistan is the biggest region of Pakistan, Consisting around 44 percent of the region of the state. It is likewise the most unfortunate and least populated. It is wealthy in mineral assets and the major provider of petroleum gas after Sindh. One of the world's greatest copper stores have been found at Reko Diq in the district Chaghi of Balochistan

Balochistan's shore additionally lies opposite to the Strait of Hormuz, which is an essential path for worldwide oil supplies. Therefore, it has the perception to develop into a center of international trade. Although the planned location of the province creates its importance in terms of large-scale trade, energy, gas, and oil pipelines, it has over the last six decades, not been provided its due share in terms of local budget allocation, developmental projects, road and rail infrastructure, education and health amenities.


This lack of interest operates Balochistan's tactical place because of numerous foremost causes leading being the tribalism in the Bal...

Why Ugandan Yoweri President Museveni is Here to Stay
15. May 2019 at 23:01
by Maulline Gragau
Last week, I was intrigued when I read about a protest that had been organised by diaspora Ugandans in London with the support of two British Parliamentarians, Paul Daniel Williams, and Alex Sobel, who represent Stockton South and Leeds North West constituencies respectively. The main objective of the protest was to condemn Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and call on the British government to halt its support for Museveni's regime.

According to the diaspora Ugandans, President Museveni is long past his expiration date and his 'one-man authoritarian' rule should come to an end. With recent changes to the Constitution, Ugandan lawmakers changed the presidential term limits meaning that President Museveni can rule the country until his death. Having been recently endorsed by his party to vie for a sixth term and with the recent constitutional changes, it is not difficult to see why many people think that he is a dictator and his government is tantamount to a 'military regime'

It is by no means unique to Africa that some people who have attained power will tend to use their positions of influence for personal gain or even commit atrocities against anyone who tries to oppose them. Neither is the way such a person may have acquired power of particula...

Need to consolidate our political parties
10. May 2019 at 13:57
by Kenechukwu Ugoh-ezepue
As the 'Giant of Africa' and model of democracy in Africa, our democratization processes should be strengthened through the instrumentality of our Electoral Laws. By so doing, we can begin to deepen and propel the continent's democratic principles.

One of the cardinal beauties of democracy is freedom of association which encompasses both an individual’s right to join or leave groups voluntarily, the right of the groups to take collective action to pursue the interests of its members and the right of an association to accept or decline members based on certain criteria. Freedom of association is fundamental to political parties. In most countries, political parties are veritable platform to assume leadership positions after passing through the crucible of elections.

Before the year 2002, three political parties existed in Nigerian political ecosystem. However, due to the largesse offered by the 1999 constitution on the formation of parties, about thirty three political associations applied to Independent National Electo...

Reasons Behind Rising Extremism Among Youth in Indian Occupied Kashmir
04. May 2019 at 08:00
by Muhammad Tahir
This article is a study case which researches the reasons behind rising extremism in Indian Occupied Kashmir. The article focuses on the actions taken by India against the Kashmiris on the civil, authoritarian, and governmental level.

The conflict of Kashmir has multiple dimensions and goes beyond the issue of territory. Both India and Pakistan have fought three wars for the state of Kashmir and the issue is still unresolved. The issue started when the Hindu ruler of Muslim majority state decided to join Indian territory instead of Muslim majority Pakistan. The partition between India and Pakistan was based on religious ideology. Seventy years after the partition, both nations continue to fight each other with religion still being the center of arguments. India has the world’s second largest Muslim population and is the only country with Hinduism as the largest religion. The Hindu-Muslim conflict in India and Kashmir has only increased in past decades. Kashmiris, especially, has been the greatest victim of hatred coming from India. Not only civilians but tho...

The Philippines In Denial
03. May 2019 at 20:48
by Gavielle Gerico Cruz
The desolate truth about the Philippine's stagnation: "We blame it on our leaders. We continue to rally for a problem that we’ve caused all along. We continue to create that zone of comfort that’s been keeping us and will keep us asleep of reality longer than the colonial times of our country—our contentment without consideration of others and the future, our denial of the truth."

It isn’t new to hear that the Philippines is a country filled with beauty. Ranging from different tourist attractions of stunning mountainsides, distinctive hills, seamless volcanoes, scenic beaches, and much more, the Philippine islands are undeniably gifted with masses of natural resources. The Filipinos have probably gotten so full of these compliments, that it isn’t special for their ears to pick up those childish chuckles of tourists while celebrating vacation on the white sands of Boracay, or for their eyes to see hundreds of visitors bathing in the crystal clear waters of Palawan.

It’s reassuring for a Filipino to hear all of this—for his nation to be called the Pearl of the Orient, to know that throwing a seed somewhere in his motherla...

Global Solutions Summit: On Multilateralism, Trade and Paradigm Change
01. May 2019 at 17:56
by Jawhara Kanu
This article builds on findings of the Global Solutions Summit on the pressing need for multilateral cooperation and solving the shortcomings of the current multilateral institutes. It specially emphasizes on trade and dwells into shifting into an approach that’s more considerate for developing countries.

At the official opening of the Global Solution Summit 2019, the Mayor of Berlin hosted the delegates in ‘Rotes Rathaus’ or the town hall, where a giant paining describing the ‘Berlin Conference’ was hanging on the wall. More than 130 years ago; Berlin hosted 14 countries that gathered for the scramble of the African continent to mark the beginning of the colonization era. One can confirm that the men in that painting were not aware that not only were they making a decision that affects their respective countries’ share of land; but they were shaping the face of Africa and the world considering the prolonged damages of that era, and how it still profiles the world governance and political interactions. Similarly, the G20 and other multilateral coalitions need to cautiously navigate their ...

The Muller Report: What if Donald Trump is impeached
30. April 2019 at 13:42
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
"If we have confidence after a thorough investigation of the facts that the president clearly did not commit obstruction, we would so state. Based on the facts and applicable legal standards, we are unable to reach that judgement.

Robert S. Muller shocked the C-SPAN with the breaking news March 22nd 2019 as the story headlines went awash on various media platforms announcing the release of the special counsel's investigative findings linking the Trump campaign and Moscow, most especially a possible complicity of obstruction of Justice on the part of president Trump.

From the Trump towers in Manhattan to the sacred pristine of the Capitol Hill building,

the investigation probing into Donald Trump links with Russia and a possible

collusion became officially heightened when on May 17, 2017, Robert Swan Muller

III was appointed by deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein as special counsel

fronting the investigation over alleged Russian interference in the November

2016 presidential election that brought in Donald Trump a...

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