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Rethinking Ethiopia’s Computer Crime Proclamation
20. February 2019 at 09:04
by Dejen Yemane Messele
The Constitutionally guaranteed freedom of expression is an inherent and basic human right for all other human rights. This right, however, is not an absolute one as it may be limited upon conditions. Lawful restrictions and limitations may hinder individuals from enjoying their right to freedom of expression either temporally or permanently. Accordingly, grounds for limitations of freedom of expression are provided under Art 29(6) of the FDRE Constitution.

Limitations on Freedom of Expression: FDRE Constitution in Focus

Human Rights in general and freedom of expression in particular are the very manifestations of dignified life of human being and their free utilization is presumed in principle. It is exceptionally and rarely where enjoyment of such rights would be limited or restricted. Limitation and restrictions on human rights is for the sake of equal or greater values. Arbitrary and unwarranted limitations and restrictions are not allowed since such limitations and restrictions create evil on freedom of expression.

FDRE Constitution clearly recogni...

Why Is Somalia the Most Corrupted Country in the World?
17. February 2019 at 09:05
by Ismail Hassan Mohamed
Somalia has ranked as the most corrupted country in the world, with instability and restricted press freedom as factors hindering transparency in the Sub-Saharan African nation. Why Is Somalia the Most Corrupted Country in the World?

Transparency International said in its Corruption Perception Index 2018 that most of the countries surveyed made very little progress in ending corruption last year. The index ranked 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption "according to experts and business people". that Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Afghanistan and Yemen all marred by wars and insurgencies were the five most corrupted countries. On the other hand, New Zealand, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Switzerland were deemed as the least corrupted.


Last year, the country held presidential elections. Through an indirect vote, members of parliament and an upper house chose a president from 23 candidates. The vote, hailed as a landmark for a country that hadn't had a functional gov...

The Venezuela Uprising
16. February 2019 at 19:58
by Dickson Eyinmosan
From hyper-inflation rate index to an absolute devastation of the Bolivar currency, the economy calculation on until 2015 have continued to be bedeviled by gross negative indices tripled by the unending political miscarriages largely responsible for the worsening state of the socio-environmental hardship. Venezuelan's have painfully and obediently endured series of political ineptitude, gross economic annihilation, social discomfort, and a debilitating state of leadership failure.

The recent events in Venezuela has drawn series of attention around the nook and crannies of global relevance. The Bolivarian Republic is at the height of losing it all if this political uprising gravitate into a civil war as already preconceived by incumbent president Nicholas Maduro whose recent utterances makes situation rather worse.

The once oil rich nation is at the brink of both leadership and political collapse arising from leadership failure and government dysfunction. The Venezuela situation reckons first as that of a flourishing oil industry running at a colossal loss. Indeed, it is fair to say that leadership Stereotype in the southern American nation has lost the primary focus and tenets of governance. From extreme poverty to gross humanitarian crisis, the sad story emanating from Caracas relays very app...

Unleash the power of our mighty pens
14. February 2019 at 09:03
by Edrell Cabatbat
The public becomes a school of fish that devours the noxious bait of those behind the proliferation of these fakes that are crafted closely on the borderline of illusion and bigotry.
With this, the hoax brought upon by the malicious information that are posted online indeed signifies a broken picture of hope in our society. Fake news has been a concern in the modern world triggered by the fast-paced evolution of technology. In fact, this Big Bang-like progression is alarming and ubiquitous particularly in the field of journalism. It is just hard to believe either that we Filipinos are being blinded and deceived to join the lure of spreading fake news in the World Wide Web.

In the blog, there is this post that branded Senator Antonio Trillanes IV as drug positive in a surprise mandatory drug test in the Senate led by Senate President Vicente Sotto III, whereas it turned to be a fake one as Trillanes tested negative based on the Drug Test Report posted by the senator himself in his Twitter account. ...
Electoral transparency: a step towards strengthening Nigeria’s democracy in fort
04. February 2019 at 09:03
by Alfred Olufemi
A comparative study shows that the 84 million registered voters as released by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) for the 2019 general elections signals an improved level of political participation when weighed against the 68 million obtained in the 2015 polls. That is 18.6% increase in the voters’ register despite the fact that the country witnessed a 7% increase in its population. This increase, if sustained, is a step towards fostering democracy.

However, mass participation as described above isn’t the ultimate if the democratic processes meant to usher in the choice of the people are marred with irregularities begging for the question of integrity. Flouting or subverting formal processes as forms of corruption undermine democracy and good governance.

These corrupt acts cut across the three phases of the electoral cycle; that is, the pre-election, election and post-election periods. Although the pre-election phase, which involves; registration of voters, party primaries and campaigns, was faced with cases of financial inducement, allegations of registration of underage voters and other related corrupt practices, this article focuses majorly on the other two phases because the first phase is almost gone.

It is not surprising that political parties in Nigeria hav...
Everything you should know about the Youth 2030
29. January 2019 at 09:01
by Mohamed Okash
The world is young than ever before since human history. It homes over 1.8 billion young people below the age 25. Most of these young people live either in conflict areas or the less developing world which makes their lives hard.
Truly speaking, young people face numerous critical challenges which deeply affects their lives including Unemployment, Violence, migration, illiteracy, bullies and discrimination, early marriage and teen pregnancies, shrinking civic spaces and many others. In contrary, they are at forefront of creativity, innovation, ideas, and solutions to local and global pressing challenges. They innovate new technologies, new housing systems, new modes of transportation, new medicine and many vision for the future. Therefore, the world needs to hear their voice and empower and engage with them, in order to ensure their rights which will contribute unlocking their potential towards sustaining Peace and achieving Agenda 2030.

Youth empowerment and engagement is cross-cutting issues in the all national, regional and global policy frameworks more pa...
The Untapped Potentials of Youths as Agents of Sustainable Peace in Ethiopia
27. January 2019 at 09:01
by Dejen Yemane Messele
Youths have been erroneously perceived as agents of violent conflicts, instability, chaos and insecurity since ancient epochs. Such pessimist views attributed for the less participation of youths in the peace building process of nations. Predominantly, the problem is ubiquitous in Africa and Middle East regions of the globe.
African youths has so far been perceived as agents of political turmoil and violent conflicts. Such perceptions compel youths to revolt against governments and they expedite the removal of dictators from power. The Arab uprising praised as best example in this regard. It was a trans-formative instant for the youths who have purposefully been excluded from government affairs. Young women and young men have a critical role in promoting and maintaining international peace and security. Contrary to most popular representations, the majority of youth are not violent. Rather, they can and do play active roles as agents of positive and constructive change. Ethiopia could not escape from such realities. Youths were and still are denied from active and meaningful participation of government affairs. Decisions, which may have an ultimate impact on ...
The uncertainty of Brexit
25. January 2019 at 22:21
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr
The Irish back -stop is an insurance policy which prevents a harder border control on the Island of Ireland. This is meant to prevent a re-emergence of a harder border on the Island after Brexit. A contrary option will no doubt plunge the UK on a tight economy corner which invariably might hinder economy growth and fast pace social reconnaissance.
The tension at Westminster seems far from a near end as Prime Minister May continues to hit a brick wall with lawmakers over her negotiated Brexit deal. The Prime Minister who was forced by Members of Parliament to come out with a well plated plan B deal after her Brexit proposal deal presentation to the House of Commons suffered a disgraceful and terrible rejection across either side of the political aisle, stormed parliament with her newly crafted Brexit plan B. It was indeed a moments of reckoning as Theresa May made fierce eye contact with MP(s) most especially those who opposed her negotiated deal made with leaders in Brussels.

After the terrible defeat which heightens as one of the most painful lost by a Prime Minister in the annals of Britain politics in parliaments since 1924, one would have expected Theresa May to threw-in t...
The Obstacle of Indonesia’s Infrastructure Development
24. January 2019 at 10:17
by Dinda Dewinta
Over the past few years, infrastructure has been the star of Indonesia’s economic growth. Decent infrastructure is an important element in development in Indonesia, which has more than 17,000 islands.
Indonesia’s Infrastructure Ambition
Infrastructure is considered as the main input to reduce inequality, increase productivity and drive the economy. The lack of quantity and quality of infrastructure in Indonesia has become a concentration in every era of government. Under President Joko Widodo's government, Indonesia has committed to developing infrastructure worth to IDR 4,796 trillion (approx. USD $358 billion) between 2015 and 2019, including developing large-scale transport, utilities and ICT, as well as new schools, hospitals, and water supply and treatment plants.

The National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019 has been drawn up through Presidential Regulation No. 2/2015 which contains the development plan for the next 5 years to achieve the target of infrastructure implementation include: ...
Globalization: The Process of Creating A Connected World With More Opportunities
12. January 2019 at 20:27
by Muhammad Bilal Tahir
Globalization is a process through which countries, companies and people interact across the globe. In the modern international system it would be really difficult for a state to stay stable without globalization. Globalization benefits the world by providing open economic opportunities, diversity in people and opportunities, cross-culture learning resources, to create a more connected world.
Globalization has helped the economic world in every aspect by creating new jobs, small and large business opportunities, and the presence of multinational corporations in different countries. It helps the developed states by providing an opportunity to invest in developing countries, and developing states by providing them new jobs and small business opportunities, claims Fredrik Erixon, the director of the European Centre for International Political Economy.

Erixon states that the openness of developing and developed countries towards globalization and the reduction of trade barriers after world war two are the main reasons why many countries’ economy boosted in between 1980 and 2010. (Erixon 4) Globalization also helped the working class on a large scale. A study for European Commision by World Bank estimates that the numbe...
Government Shutdown, Trump Showdown
07. January 2019 at 09:54
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr
For the records, this is the 21st shutdown since it's first occurrence in 1976 when modern budgeting and spending appropriation act was approved. It is also the third shutdown in 2018. The third which is currently in place with no clear end in sight. The shutdown which began on December 22, 2018, if allowed to stretch through January 12 will become the longest shutdown of government operations in the annals of US political history.
The history of shutdown since the adoption of the new budgeting procedures in 1976 has always been skewed in a regular pattern of gridlock progression. While a majority of shutdowns usually takes days to resolve, only a few since the annals of government shutdown stretches through the weeks. The first ever shutdown in 1976 during president Gerald Ford administration went on for ten days after he vetoed a $56 billion spending bill analysed as too expensive.

Shutdowns usually occurs when both congress and the president fails to reach an agreement about a spending bill for approval. A drag and frog conversation without a compromise or shift position on either side of the aisle usually results in a shutdown. During shutdowns, the most affected victims becomes the economy and over 800,000 federal workers who are either put out of service i...
NYSC and the folks of new age
03. January 2019 at 13:18
by Abiodun Jamiu Sulaiman
As the literature goes, design is not making beauty. Beauty emerges from selection, affinities, integration and love. Whatever comes around, goes around. Maintaining a solid phalanx has always been the surviving tonics of diverse entities.
The National Youth Service Corps, a brain-child of Gowon's no Victor, no vanguished poetry, was doctored as an integration Mechanism. Tailored to heal wounds sustained during the civil impasse that lasted for months, and wreck incalculable loses; thereby exposing the cleavages that ditched the Nigerian Federation. NYSC allows young graduate to be posted to locales other than their own with a view to eschewing intolerance and develop common ties among the Nigerian youths, and perhaps promote national unity and integration.

Arguably, the programme could be said to have attained her climatic moments given the context in which the country has managed varying differences, crisis paving way for troubles, that emerged from differing ideas.

A tiger does not shout its tigritude, it acts. Exposure to different cultures was believed to have h...
Trump and the border wall security equals a govt shutdown
02. January 2019 at 09:16
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr
This is the third time the Trump administration will be presiding over a shutdown in 2018.The first government shutdown began at midnight EST on Saturday, January 20, 2018, and ended on the evening of Monday, January 22. A second funding gap occurred on February 9, 2018.A third shutdown began on December 22, 2018, and is still ongoing which definitely may drag through the Christmas holiday
Friday midnight December 21 was a very long night for congressmen on both side of the aisle as they hurried-on to averting the doomsday. A very cold night at the capitol hill, yet the heat wave was constantly unbearable as the tension grew even high. Both within the congress floors and the corridors of the west wing, the momentum grew even mightier at the stake of events.

This is the third time the Trump administration will be presiding over a shutdown in 2018.The first government shutdown began at midnight EST on Saturday, January 20, 2018, and ended on the evening of Monday, January 22. A second funding gap occurred on February 9, 2018. Although the funding gap only lasted nine hours overnight and did not interrupt government functioning or services. Despite the quick recovery of this deadlock, it was largely regarded by the media a...
And my heart bleeds
23. December 2018 at 14:14
by Abiodun Jamiu Sulaiman
There is rampage in the land; an ocean of grief flows beneath it. My heart bleeds, but the closest of friends dare not console. When the head of an household dies, the house becomes an empty shell; when the land becomes hemmed in throng of sickness, not even the chief-priest can cleanse it. A dialogue between deafs will lead nowhere, but immured in indecisive decision.
There is rampage in the land; an ocean of grief flows beneath it. My heart bleeds, but the closest of friends dare not console. When the head of an household dies, the house becomes an empty shell; when the land becomes hemmed in throng of sickness, not even the chief-priest can cleanse it. A dialogue between deafs will lead nowhere, but immured in indecisive decision. I choose to remain salient, albeit my heart signalling the eyes to watch over the night - troubles sieged the land; an oozing Lamentations that show no sign of abating despite how unceasing dialogues between the two deafs - FG and higher institution trade Unions - carpeted the land.

Like the collision of the hammer against the anvil, in the forging house of a new life, one needs to bend for the others, or where necessary, rust! The recurring face-offs between FG and hig...
Trump, Putin versus earth
20. December 2018 at 10:37
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr
"Climate is not the only stressor on the Earth system—other factors, including resource depletion and ever-growing human consumption and population, are exerting enormous pressure on nature’s and society’s resilience to sudden changes"-NRC reports
From the west-wing in Washington DC to the Kremlin in far away Moscow, there is no gain saying the obvious given observatory data and basic follow-up trend as it involves the duo of Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump. The two leaders who has been on a bromance show of unusual friendship since the American president got elected in November 2016, the rest of the world has remained startled both in silence and folded arms.

On a larger scale, the two has become the immediate superstars of gross populism and contrived politics. Staunch hardliners on Generally accepted global norms, conventions, and practices. They have gradually turned into political aliens whose belief system and arguments do not fit into any commonsense value of liberal politics. Indeed, they are proven cases of global mutants whose programs and policies are only in compli...
Crocs in the Philippine Population
18. December 2018 at 09:02
by Carmina Cordero
It has been a long and painful struggle for the Filipinos to obtain political equality and recognition not only from the neighboring countries but throughout the World. Even as of today, the struggle continues. The Filipinos are in a fight for democracy not with the other races but with their own brothers.
Renowned personalities in the past considered as heroes of today, stepped up to redeem this political power from colonizers for the welfare of the people. Not foreseeing that in the end, the war will all turn between the same people they fought for. It is indeed unfortunate that despite the struggle, democracy is still far from the reach of the Filipinos thus, only small portion of this welfare is distributed. Larger portion of the bounty is horded by groups of creatures having the same bloodline. Political dynasty as they call it. Because of its existence for quite a period of time, hopes are fading and a question arises. Will be there a way and a time for it to end?

A Filipino will not be able to deny how strongly bonded he is with his family. This strong sense of family ties is deeply rooted to the country’s cultural values. S...
Theresa May and the Brexiteers
15. December 2018 at 09:03
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr
After several attempts with EU leaders and recent visitations to the Hague and Brussels, getting all parties on the table and reaching a positive deal has remained a hard nut to crack as she struggle along with her Brexit policies even among her own MP who now find it difficult to buy-in on her deal.
The evening was crisp, as the atmosphere bears an avalanche of uncertainties given the odds been set at the table. It was a night filled with so much tension as anxiety rolled down the chin of Parliamentarians whose share of indifference ranks a different emotional poise. It was a moments which captured so much attention both within and outside the territorial bounds of the United Kingdom as all eyes became fixated on just one character - Theresa May

Behold, this became a moments of truth for both friends and foes alike as the hour of decision draws imminent. No doubt, either-ways, it eventually will be a day were the fate of Brexiteers and non Brexit adherents will be given a final close call at the heart of Westminster. Surly, there are bound to be just one victory laugh at the end of this process where emotional poise and policy dir...
Filter by Filter
06. December 2018 at 09:00
by Bianca Ysabelle Baldemor
“Propaganda is to a democracy what the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state.” Media is pervasive, and as time progresses, it appears to infiltrate our ideology and mind-setting, thus leading to an increasing influence to a chunk of our everyday actions.
This power encapsulated by media is often an end toward which politicians’ efforts are directed, using media as their instrument for their pursuit of prestige or self-preservation. Apparently, like what Andrew Heywood remarked, the media now constitute much more than a channel of communications; they are part of the political process itself, affecting, and not merely reflecting, the distribution of power in society at large.

The first step in dissecting media and its mobilizing power in the Philippine context is through a thorough analysis of the intricate framework of policies and structures via the “propaganda model”.

Advanced by Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky, the Propaganda Model is an analytical framework that attempts to explain the performance of media in terms of the basic institutional structures and rel...
Endo contractualization: PH's ball and chain?
03. December 2018 at 11:23
by Bianca Ysabelle Baldemor
This debauched contractualization scheme is the country’s ball and chain, the burden and hindrance that ties the country down and prevents it from having a rather equitable work arrangement. It misleads not only the Filipino constituents, but also drives down the entrepreneurial worldwide competencies of the Philippines.
Harping on his campaign pledge, President Duterte has issued a stern warning to businessmen practicing “endo”, the colloquial term for contractualization, an illegal hiring system which denies workers of regular employment. Under the law, a worker who completes the six-month probationary period qualifies to be a regular employee, who is entitled to benefits like vacation and sick leaves, maternity leaves, social security, health insurance, and retirement benefits. However, many companies deliberately skirt this regulation by limiting the duration of employment contracts of workers to fewer than six months.

Endo is our employment system’s ball and chain, the burden and hindrance that ties the country down and prevents it from having a rather equitable work arrangement. President Duterte must cease the country's abidanc...
Iron Fists in Velvet Gloves
02. December 2018 at 09:01
by Bianca Ysabelle Baldemor
Now that the similarities between the strongmen Ferdinand Marcos and Rodrigo Duterte are getting clearer, it is now the duty of the Filipino constituents to heed these lessons and raise social and political awareness before we spiral down to another probable doom.
Media is pervasive, and as time progresses, it appears to infiltrate our ideology and mind-setting, thus leading to an increasing influence to a chunk of our everyday actions. This power encapsulated by media is often an end toward which politicians’ efforts are directed, using media as their instrument for their pursuit of prestige or self-preservation. Apparently, like what Andrew Heywood remarked, the media now constitute much more than a channel of communications; they are part of the political process itself, affecting, and not merely reflecting, the distribution of power in society at large.

What happens when the information distributed by this ‘media’ is distorted? The consequence is misinformation, misguidance, and, consequently, ideological manipulation. But what would be our defence against the distorted cud...
Why you should attend the Youth Connekt Africa Summit
27. November 2018 at 09:11
by Okash Mohamed
Youth Connekt Africa is an annual international summit which was launched in 2017 by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda. Originally, the summit was on a national level to create jobs for the young people, change their mindset, provide training and mentorship opportunities for start-ups, to pitch business ideas, and to build a networks since then in spirit of pan Africanism, Rwandan young people and their Government realised to expend the scope of youth Connekt and build youth Connekt hub in Kigali for all the whole of Africa and beyond the continent.
The second edition of youth Connekt Africa took place in Kigali Conventional Centre on 8-10 October 2018 under the theme of “Connekting Youth for Continental Transformation”. The summit hosted approximately 2,800 delegates from 90 countries with the launch of Youth Connekt Hub. I had the privilege to be among those young people who attended this developmental youth platforms which opened my mind and the mind of thousands of people.

Youth Connect Africa Summit is a life-changing platform for the young people in the continent, Africa, and beyond. The summit was discussed the most pressing and potential areas for Africa, and how the young people should provide a solution for the gaps in all spheres of people’s lives. For the three days of the summit, the notion was what the young people can do for African to transform a...
Mid-Term Elections: A win for Political Liberalism
26. November 2018 at 09:03
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
Rather than argue to the obvious, it is best infer absolutely that the mid term election was a perfect score card expressing not just the views of the majority but also in every sense admitting the flaws of the present. By admittance, it clearly gave in to political liberalism predicated on the theory of equity, fairness, and justice among people. Abhorring racial bias, hate, bigotry, anti-semitism as well as alt-right principle.
The concept of justice is never a precept of the good, but rather, a leanings of liberals. All over the world, the political philosophy of liberals has always been skewed towards the yearnings, aspirations, and anticipation of the people, allowing for equal distribution among shared resources and national values. Given absolute credence to representative democracy and the rule of law, liberalism remains a social ethical construct that sought to entertain a structured society through the substitution of absolute monarchy, divine rights of kings, mercantilism, royal monopolies,traditional conservatism among other native environmental inclined constructs prior to the Age of Enlightenment.

John Rawls in one of his book, "The Theory of Justice", explains the moral ethical philosophy of distributive justice in line with a well orde...
Era of ostentatious Jamboree
25. November 2018 at 20:30
by Abiodun Jamiu Sulaiman
If a child did not witness a story, he would, with no iota of scepticism, listen to narrations. I might not witness the much appraised administration of Comrade Idris Maibasira, but the emblazoning of "God, thank you for blessing us with Maibasira" on the wall of most lecture halls depicts the efficacy of his administration; hence, the ennobling of his personae in a warmth compartment in the heart of many a student and the rising euphoria and demand for a continued legacy through one of his kinsman, one famed for his ubiquity - Aluta Radio, Comrade Ibrahim Shehu Kalgo.
It is believed that "to whom much is given, much is expected", Kalgo administration at its threshold was greeted and welcomed by optimism. And the belief that he would surpass his 'Boss' filled the air, much more he is determined to inscribe an indelible mark like the freshness of an early morning breeze.

However, the ruin of a land and its people begins in their homes. The threshold of his backlash began with misappropriation of priorities, a myopic eyes blinded from her people needs, but seek costless fame - first, elongation of Jatau bridge when some hall of residences were short of water supply.

Without hesitating to slit truths by the throat, Kalgo administration is/was an era of ostentatious jamboree, seeking flimsy popularity with myopic policies that are blind of students welfare. The elongation of Jatau bridge, a...
N.S.S: An Under-Utilized Arm of Nation Building
12. November 2018 at 09:19
by Shashank S R
National Service Scheme(N.S.S) is one of the largest student body in the world if not the biggest. It is a voluntary-student organization with 32 lakh volunteers spread across the country. This article emphasizes the need to re-visit N.S.S to suit the present day needs.
National Service Scheme(N.S.S), a centrally sponsored scheme under the Ministry of Youth Affairs, Government of India, was flagged off by the then Union Education Minister Dr. VKRV Rao in 1969 - the birth centenary year of Mahatma Gandhiji. It is a student-volunteer programme that started off in 37 Universities with a volunteer strength of 40,000 across India. The Scheme now has 36.58 lakh volunteers across 36965 N.S.S Units from 391 Universities. More than 4.60 Crore volunteers have been benefitted from the scheme since its inception. (National Service Scheme, 2018) (Department of Youth Affairs, 2016)

N.S.S works in educational institutions majorly at the Pre-University and Graduate levels by the establishment of N.S.S Units. Each N.S.S Unit can enroll up to 100 volunteers. The volunteers are students who are willing to put in 240 hou...
Jamal Khashoggi: A death scar unto the Saudi Kingdom
12. November 2018 at 09:17
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The death of Jamal Khashoggi no doubt will forever remain a big scar unto the face of the Saudi Arabia authority who in recent past have continued to shy away from the truthfulness surrounding the gruesome murder of the Washington Post columnist. Most especially shocking, is the perceived complicity of the Kingdom most top hierarchy as it involve the death of Jamal Khashoggi. Nothing short of justice will exonerate this perceived complicity most especially in the eyes of the international community.
It was exactly 13:14 PM local time precisely on Oct.2, 2018 when he entered the Saudi-Arabia consulate in Istanbul (Turkey). Suddenly, at the middle of nowhere he disappeared into thin air leaving both his soon-to-be fiancée and the consulate security camera's all in wonderment and apparent shock. Just like an Hollywood action thriller, his assailant had it all mapped out even before he stepped into the consulate building. Indeed, it was a Steven Seagal kind of act.

From disappearance to death, the outright murder of Jamal Khashoggi pose a serious question mark on the moral structure and sanctity both on the Saudi- Arabian authority and that of her crown prince-Mohammad bin Salman:

He is the second most distinguish personality in the Kingdom, holding one of the highest and most influential office in Saudi- Arabia after ...
Corruption as a canker worm to development: Nigeria as a case study
10. November 2018 at 19:50
by Meshach Idoko
The level of corruption is really alarming and many strategies have been put in place to curb it and all to no avail. This is really a major problem in Nigeria. Corruption is a canker worm to development. Nigeria is where we are today because of Corruption.
In recent times, with the introduction of Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP), Matthew Parris has observed that “corruption has become an African epidemic. It is impossible to overstate the poisoning of human relations and the paralyzing of initiative that the corruption on the African scale brings.”

A recent report by the International Human Rights Organization came out with Nigeria taking the first position on the list of the most corrupt nations in the world. Indeed, in Nigeria, corruption is so rampant that it is worthless to talk of any person who is not corrupt. Maybe it is better to say who is more or less corrupt.

In philosophical, theological, or moral discussions, corruption is spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal. Corruption entails many forms including bribery and embezzlement. Government ...
One man can change the world - the Libertarian saga of Antony Fisher
20. October 2018 at 11:37
by Esimaje Onoseme
We are the change we seek, We become the idealogy of the change we we've worked to achieve. How a Man Changed a Nation; One man can change the world. The year was 1945 a young man named Antony Fisher entered the faculty office of Friedrich Hayek at the London School of Economics.
Five years earlier, Fisher had flown a Hawker Hurricane fighter plane for the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. He'd seen his younger brother's plane shot down by the German Luftwaffe. Of course, the death of Antony's brother was only one of many. British civilian losses numbered 23,000 and 32,000 wounded. But thanks to those who fought in the Royal Air Force, Britain remained free and momentum in the War began to shift against the Nazis. In Churchill's words, "Never in the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few." Antony Fisher was one of "The Few".

After World War II, Antony was concerned as he watched the British people elect a Labor Party government that was determined to nationalize key industries and "plan" the economic recovery. Fisher instinctively did not l...
Are Lawyers representing asylum seekers “un-Australian”?
17. October 2018 at 19:38
by Maulline Gragau
According to Minister for Home Affairs and immediate former Minister for Immigration, Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs Peter Dutton, Lawyers representing asylum seekers who want to stay in Australia are “un-Australian”.
The Minister‘s remark came amid former Prime Minister Tumbull’s government’s news to end financial support for up to 100 Australian-based asylum seekers on the grounds that the government was frustrated by its constitutional responsibilities to asylum seekers.

The actions of Tumbull’s government and the Minister’s remarks drew mixed reactions from various sectors of society with the most prominent one being from Opposition Leader Bill Shorten who termed it as “[immediate former] Prime Minister Malcolm Tumbull’s weakest move yet.” The former Immigration minister is not the first person to level criticism against advocates representing asylum seekers and he certainly won’t be the last in view of the growing fight against multiculturalism.

Multiculturalism and multilingualism are ...
Brett Kavanaugh endorsement and the morality of the Supreme Court
16. October 2018 at 13:38
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The argument for and against sexual misconduct rest solely on the outright jurisprudence of the court in interpreting wisely both within the framework of law and absolute morality. No one is better-off seeing that a clear case win both in morals and law is been thrown out the window all due to sentiment and emotional appeals. In this case, though, the Judge may have had his way, but in the long term, the society pays direly for this singular act of abuse of office and show of legal shame.
The victim said "Brett’s assault on me drastically altered my life. For a very long time, I was too afraid and ashamed to tell anyone the details. I did not want to tell my parents that I, at age 15, was in a house without any parents present, drinking beer with boys. I tried to convince myself that because Brett did not rape me, I should be able to move on and just pretend that it had never happened. Over the years, I told very few friends that I had this traumatic experience. I told my husband before we were married that I had experienced a sexual assault."

Established on 4th March, 1789, in pursuant of Article 111 of the United States constitution, the US supreme court from time immemorial has been regarded as one among the foremost institutions which lays and okays the garb of esteem law and morality in a land where...
African leaders` role in financing continental development
14. October 2018 at 09:00
by Abednego Ishaya
Aside the roles that citizens play in attaining and maintaining a remarkable developmental stride, one other aspect that will bring to the actualization of a sustainable path towards the transformation of the African continent, is in the leadership structure and management. Hence, the place that leadership plays in bringing to bare, a long awaiting development in all ramifications in Africa, cannot be over emphasized.
The yearnings towards a state of an all round development and transformation in the African continent, has been a long overdue issue. To this, is the aspect where leadership comes in: “leadership is undoubtedly a privilege and a huge responsibility: as people aspire to be leaders, we often think of the glamorous public appearances, the power and the prestige; less is thought of basic issues that confront us all as human beings” (Gwamaka kifukwe, 2017). As such, less consideration is giving, as to how one can effectively serve towards bringing an all round developmental transformation that will further develop African states. Peter Thomson (2016) once stated that “It is not just enough to just wish there was adequate public finance, or to wonder why the large amounts of private finance seems so hard to persuade to invest ...
National Anthem and Flag: Status quo or abrupt change?
12. October 2018 at 14:07
by Francine Beatriz Pradez
Two of the top legislators in the country are proposing to amend the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem as well as add another symbol to the Philippine National Flag. What do their respective bills mean and what does it mean if the Senate ratifies it?
Senator Vicente C. Sotto III’s pronouncement of amending the last lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem and Senator Richard J. Gordon’s proposed “Ninth Ray Bill” are stirring dissent and admonishment among certain sectors of society amidst rising inflation rates, incompetent government officials and talks about the mid – term elections slate. But are these abrupt ideas from some of our top legislators worthy for deliberation and relevant to the plight of the Filipino people today?

Under the current administration, Sen. Sotto seeks to change the lyrics, ““Aming ligaya na ‘pag may mang-aapi, ang mamatay nang dahil sa’yo” (But it is glory ever when thou art wronged for us thy sons to suffer and die.) with “Aming ligaya na ‘pag may mang-aapi, ang ipaglaban kalayaan...
Myanmar: Ann San Suu Kyi and the silence of war crimes against the Rohingya's
09. October 2018 at 09:02
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
To summarise the situation in Myanmar as an obvious reality of ethnic cleansing is to say the least why individual like the respected Ann San Suu Kyi has remained silent on this issue of war crimes against humanity in the Rahkine state of Myanmar been perpetuated by a government she presides over.
"History will judge societies, and government and their institutions not by how big they are or how well they have serve the rich and the powerful, but how effectively they respond to the needs of the poor and the helpless"- Cesar Chavez (American labor leader and civil rights activist).

In recent times, there have been series of very scary and gory reports of war crimes against humanity but at no time has these reports been acted upon or taken seriously by the institutional government of the Republic of the union of Myanmar. Indeed, it has become a state controlled belligerent act of absolute will and might against minorities perceived as outcast and stateless.

The government of Myanmar has continued to deliberately trampled on the rights, privileges, and esteem values of very small ethnic groups in the state of Myanma...
Global War Against Terror: A Systemic and State Level Analysis
06. October 2018 at 09:01
by Muhammad Bilal Tahir
This article describes the systemic and state level of analysis. It uses those level of analysis to describe the war against terrorism in international system. Finally the article provides its opinion on which level of analysis is best to describe war against terrorism.
To completely understand a global phenomena it is important to use a scholarly method suggested by the political scientists. One such method was suggested by an American political scientist J. David Singer. Singer described the three levels of analysis in one of his reports and suggested that those levels of analysis can be used to study a global phenomena. Singe stated that different level of analysis can help us to study both specific and broad global phenomena. This paper describes the systemic and the state level of analysis. Furthermore, the paper will use those two levels of analysis to explain the war against terrorism and which level of analysis is best to provide a better understanding of this global phenomena.

Systemic Level of international system argues that the foreign policies of a state can be learned without caring abo...
Relation between political science and politics
01. October 2018 at 22:11
by Asfand Ali Goraho
Relationship between Political Science and Politics!There is no real difference between Political Science and Politics. Political Science studies Politics i.e. all political relations and interactions in society. Hence it cart be called Politics. Modern Political Scientists do not make a distinction between the two. They reject the traditional view which makes a distinction between these two.
Let us study both traditional and modern views regarding the relationship between Political Science and Politics:

Traditional View
Difference between Political Science & Politics The traditional scholars made a distinction between the discipline of Political Science which studies State and Government, and Politics stands for current problems and issues being faced by the government.

Scholars like Pollock suggest a distinction between Theoretical Politics (Political Science) and Applied Politics (Politics). The former is described as the theory of State and Government and the latter as the practice of State and Government.

Points Difference between Political Science & Politics:
1. Politics means the issues, problems and political activities which are actually taking place in society. Against it, Poli...
Free speech on economic freedom for a new delta
26. September 2018 at 21:49
by Esimaje Michael Onoseme
The State of Progress and Development in the Niger Delta and Delta State in Particular is falling off the Grid, Hence a Call for leaders, Think Thanks, Stakeholders and Concerned Persons to Stand for Change
I cannot but again acknowledge that I need each and every Deltan to do some reflection on the economic state of infrastructure and policy development surrounding the Niger Delta. It's time to change the narratives and create free ideology of rescue from state capture which has impoverished the masses and new age of existing ideas

How does a state go from being the shining light of Western Region, to one that poverty rules and desperation is etched unto the faces of citizens. In the old Western Region which led Nigeria in innovation and people oriented policies, the more admired entrepreneurs and civil servants were from the Midwest, out of which today's Delta is derived.

Our country may have gone through bad patches but Delta has no excuse being the home of many poor. My view of the way forward requires that we see reasons together....
Anticoruption: Nigeria is leaving adolescents behind
24. September 2018 at 21:11
by Victor Oyelade
According to a UNICEF report, there are currently 1.2 Billion adolescents in the world, making up to 16 percent of the world`s entire human population. In Africa, there are presently 289 million adolescents (aged 10-19 years) who make up lump 23 percent of the entire African population.
The adolescent population in Nigeria is about 40 million individuals. This constitutes about 23 percent of the entire Nigerian population. Many well developed Western countries like Belgium, Isreal, Portugal etc have populations between 9 and 12 million. Australia, the least continent in the world by size, has a total human population of 25 million.

So, beyond the stats, what are we saying?
The 40 million adolescent population in Nigeria, aren’t just a nation in themselves but a continent. Hence, they need to be strategically involved in our agenda to make the world a better place. Global Coalition, The United Nations, World Health Organizations all got great plans for Children around the world – However, Adolescents are not Children. They aren’t adults either. They are just stuck in between, battl...
The Venezuela Crisis and the dictatorial rule of Nicholas Maduro
22. September 2018 at 21:40
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The Venezuelan situation has continued to grow from bad to worse since 2014 when the GDP growth decline to -3.0%. Indeed, it was a moment of gory like situation when the IMF projected an all time inflationary rate due to hit 1 Million % at the end of 2018.
Known for her petroleum oil base reservoir, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela prides herself as one among the world's leading exporter of oil. A fit which have contributed immensely to the growth and development of the nation in recent time past. Given a rich history of both oil boom and economic ascendancy, the southern America nation on the northern coast comprising great continental landmasses inclusive of huge islands and islets in the Caribbean sea, have also suffered series of economic setbacks, shocks, and political overtures.

Given her period of economic meltdown both in the 80's and 90's, to the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989 which led to the death of several thousand of Venezuelans in their numbers, this Latin America nation has no doubt witnessed a tale of negative political experience both from the stables of political s...
Is it possible to liberalize world order?
17. September 2018 at 20:30
by Muhammad Zain
Though realism has prevailed over liberalism in international relations yet there are some features of liberalism that make it more plausible for the stability and prosperity of international order along with individual involvement in decision making domestically and internationally.
After WW2, there was a brief resurgence of liberalism in international relations with the formation of the United Nations, as liberalism backs international governance system to whom all the countries of the world should be compliant. But cold war extinguished the sentiment of liberalism. After the war ended, the new world order again created a brief resurgence of the claim of liberalism but the tragedy of 9/11 brought realism in prominence.

As the United States and its allies are waging costly wars against different states and the groups within them, or outside them. So now the new world order comes into questions under the supremacy of US. Looking through the spectacles of liberalism there are some features that it provide for the betterment of world order by raising questions against existing world order.

Lberalism can...
Between Yoweri Museveni and Bob Wine: The Uganda tale
14. September 2018 at 22:57
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
"We are fed up of those who oppress our lives and everything that takes away our rights. Uganda seems to be moving backwards and this is almost making us hate our own nation. This is unfair for you to be misrulling us. Well, we know you fought a bush war. But imagine a child who was born when you came has also long became a parent. Somebody help us tell this to Mzee (Museveni)"- Bob Wine addresses the state of the Ugandan politics through a music titled "Freedom" released last year.
This was meant to protest against a constitutional amendment that proposed the removal of the presidential age limit of 75, making long-time President Yoweri Museveni eligible to run in 2021.Surly, it eventually got signed into law in 2017. "To view the opposition as dangerous is to misunderstand the basic concepts of democracy. To oppress the opposition is to assault the very foundation of democracy" - Aung San Suu Kyi

The government of Yoweri Miuseveni in recent years has indeed fell short of what beget democratic norms and nuts in clear terms. From showing resilient prior to 1986 to becoming the pride of western soothsayers on his leadership style and acumen in the 1990's, the administration of Yoweri Museveni has since snowballed into an authoritarian, unitary, and dictatorial form of ruler-ship which begets all the tra...
Generational shift is happening in Afghanistan
13. September 2018 at 00:15
by Abdullah Abed
People around the globe have been hearing for decades plenty of failure stories concerning to the ongoing violence, chaos and conflicts in Afghanistan; a country prone to a longtime war. Though the enduring deadly war making no exception to any segment of the society but it reaps young people in an extremely merciless manner.
Just within August over 200 of young Afghans serving in national security forces lost their lives to the Taliban overran on Ghazni city and some districts in northern provinces. More over ISIS-Kurasan suicide bombing on August 15 in west of Kabul- densely populated by Hazara the most of our hardworking community- in a prep school claimed lives of roughly 50 well educated young females and males while wounded 67 more. Prior to this in Dec 2017 ISIS militants carried out suicide attack on a cultural center named Tibian in the same neighborhood in west of Kabul killed over 40 vast majority of them highly educated youths.

It is not mere long lasted war that has been engulfing mostly our young generation for years. Corruption, nepotism in administrative system, record high unemployment rate, lack of education opportunities and uncertainty ...
The Saudi-Led coalition and the reports of war crimes in Yemen
08. September 2018 at 21:47
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
“I was one of the first to arrive on the scene, seeking to rescue the wounded; I lifted a body and I found that it was Ahmed’s face. I hugged him, he was my son,” -.Hussein Tayeb. A parent who mourn the gruesome death of his two sons,14-year-old Yusef, 11-year-old Ahmed and nine-year-old Ali after a Saudi airstrike in Dahyan hit a school bus conveying children to school on 9th August, 2018.
"Under the laws of war, parties must do everything feasible to verify that targets are valid military objectives"- Human Rights Watch

From the city of Sana'a to southern Yemen in Aden, both the Houthi rebels and the Saudi-led coalition forces have continued to flay the rules of international engagements as stipulated in varied conventions of war. The resultant effect has been serial cases of humanitarian crisis which have preempted the global community chanting the songs of war crimes against humanity which have gone beyond the terrestrial. The engagement has been both ways, but in a scale of military balance and precise targets, the objectives have been uneven.

The Yemeni Civil war which started since 2015 has no doubt left the imprints of severe devastation and absolute annihilation across boards. With over 21 millio...
Bad Apples
05. September 2018 at 21:25
by Christopher Tawiah-mensah
I passed by 23 people in about 3 minutes. That is 23 different talents, at least; 23 different opinions, 23 different uniqueness and at minimum, 23 different gifts to the world. They all sure have something to say, an experience to share, an idea to materialize or a knowledge (no matter the depth) about a matter. Even the smoker has an advice under his nicotine breath. " Smoking kills, son. Don't even think of starting." one of their many counsels. Strange how wisdom sometimes lurks within the most guttered of corners.
Not to mention the police officer on the rickety motorcycle without his helmet on. He speeds pass other drivers and overtakes vehicles who can't keep up with his speed. A splendid example of a good citizen! "Afterall, who would dare question me, or even check my license or particulars? I am the law." he comforts himself with high shoulders and a wink, allowing his seven year old son to return his helmet to its hiding place. "That's his trouble" he pelts the helmet into a tool box in the garage. They pull over an oncoming vehicle. "Show me your license, turn on the trafficator lights. Lemme see your air conditioner... erhm, sorry.. your fire extinguisher" He missed the all-famous verse of the 'search anthem'. Too eager to sing the chorus and harp the bridge (if any). Without waiting for the entire concert to ...
John McCain: The president America never had
30. August 2018 at 21:51
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
"We weaken our greatness when we confuse our patriotism with tribal rivalries that have sown resentments and hatred and violence in all the corners of the globe. We weaken it when we hide behind the walls, rather than tear them down, when we doubt the power of our ideals, rather than trust them to the great force for change they have always been". -John Sidney McCain
"Americans never quit, we never surrender, we never hide from history, we make history" -John McCain. This were his very own parting words as he uniquely bids farewell to the American people unto the great beyond. John Sidney McCain, an absolute statesman to the core succumbs bravely to the cold hands of death after a long battle with an aggressive brain tumor as diagnosed at the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona in the summer of 2017.

He was the president America never had. A dogged fighter and a patriot whose conservative genes became uniquely branded as a Maverick. McCain soar and towered both as a war Veteran and an absolute great political machine whose oil became a needed grease in fine-tuning both political brilliance and great governance. His initiation into politics in 1982 after a thorough service to his co...
Leadership: It is time to raise Farmers, not Hunters
28. August 2018 at 19:54
by Tosin Arebuwa
As we are moving closer to the 2019 general elections in Nigeria, thus, it is meet and right to civically guide my fellow teeming youths...A hunter. Who is a hunter?Simply put, a hunter is one who hunts. And to hunt means to pursue and kill, basically, for food. A hunter nurtures absolutely nothing, but kills what nature nurtures. He only thinks of himself and the immediateness and nothing more. He is really never empathetic, nor compassionate.
However, in the case of a farmer, farming - be it in a subsistence or a commercial scale, requires a lot of labouring and hard works. From bush-clearing or cultivation, to bush-burning, to tilling the ground, to planting, to irrigating (in the case of drought), to weeding et al - before harvesting can finally take place. A farmer can never gather where he has not sowed - except it is by stealing. And no farmer can reap a tomato - when he only plants an onion. And every farmer who wants to reap bountifully, must be diligent in their doings.

From the foregoing analogy, we can see clearly the enormous difference(s) between a hunter and a farmer. One, in his dealings, only relies on a happenstance by the day - while the other is so diligent in his day-to-day activities. One continually robs nature and contributes to the endangerment of som...
Evolution and development of the right of information in India
27. August 2018 at 16:46
by Stuti Aastha
The Constitution of India has been around for 68 years now, and has since been amended a number of times to accommodate the changing mind set of developing India, and the interpretation of this document, especially of the Articles related to Fundamental Rights has been diverse.
One such interpretation in pretty recent times has been the Right To Information, which hasn’t been expressly stated in any portion, but can be derived from Article 19(1)(a) and Article 21 of the Constitution of India itself. We are all aware how “absolute power corrupts absolutely” and we can safely assume that it is not a mere philosophical phrase. The journey from a demand of information to it becoming a Bill to finally a lawful Right has been in phases – from resistance to disclose any information whatsoever, to state-level Right To Information Acts, to a roughly-made, protective of public authorities Freedom Of Information Act in 2002 and finally, arriving at what exists as the Right To Information Act today Having completed around 12 years in existence, it is notable is that it hasn’t been subjected to ...
Kofi Annan: There was a man
23. August 2018 at 22:26
by Eyinmosan Dickson Jnr
"These often unsung heroes understand...that poverty, disease and famine are just as deadly and destructive as earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunamis. Individuals ...are taking on these challenges in their communities, volunteering to make a difference. They remain the true champions of our work towards the Millennium Development Goals." -- Kofi Annan
The world stood still as the wave of sorrow superimposes her crest unto the faces of millions of person across the globe. It was a day where the flag of both the United Nations and that of the Ghanaian nation became lowered at half its mast level. It was an occurrence no one saw coming as top diplomats around the world was taken aback by the sudden turn of events. From Kumasi to the world, Africa biggest export and foremost internationalist Kofi Annan dies at 80.
The news which filtered through the spine of the Kofi Annan foundation sent immediate cold shivers down the spine of global leaders who received the sad news in an absolute perplexity.

“It is with immense sadness that the Annan family and the Kofi Annan Foundation announce that Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations and Nobel Peace Laureate, passed...
Ghanaian YouthPower Advocate At OGP Global Summit At Georgia.
21. August 2018 at 20:13
by Francis Ametepey
Francis Ametepey, a youth advocate from Ghana represented Restless Development at the Open Government Partnership Global Summit (OGP) in Tbilisi, Georgia. Read about my reflections from the event and about how summits can act as springboards for youth involvement in policy-making.
Last month I went to the OGP Summit in Georgia, alongside Restless youth advocates from Kenya, Sierra Leone and the Philippines.

Firstly, let me brief you on what OGP is all about. OGP stands for Open Government Partnership which is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, accountability, and responsiveness to citizens. The long-term aim is to help governments become accountable and, ultimately, eradicate poverty.

The summit brings together 78 national and 20 local governments, ensuring that they are more accountable to civil society groups. We led a workshop on Youth and the Future of Open Government, an event which brought together 15 young and passionate youth advocates from across the globe. Sat alongside government ministers, civil society advocates, we shared how we are tackling the biggest ...
Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh: The heroic doctor who paid the ultimate price in Nigeria
20. August 2018 at 20:41
by Eyinmosan Dickson Jnr
She is known for preventing the Nigerian index case from leaving the hospital at the time of diagnosis, thereby playing a key role in curbing the spread of the virus in Nigeria. On 4 August 2014, it was confirmed that she had tested positive for Ebola virus disease and was being treated. Adadevoh died in the afternoon of 19 August 2014.
“The last time I saw her face-to-face was the day I went to the centre to give her footwear and her iPad. She was physically very weak. This was someone I had never seen fall sick in my life. I took all the stuff to her and put it through the door, she had to go and collect it because I couldn’t go into the room. We spoke through the window, I was crying. But she was adamant, she said: “Don’t worry, son. This thing is not going to kill me, but I am very proud of you.” Those were the last words she told me. This was about 10 days before she died. The WHO Doctor Dr. David told us that it was just a matter a time before she dies, that we should expect the call the next day or in the next week. We were waiting for the call. But he kept telling us that it was a matter of time. It was worse than receiving the actua...
One year after Charlottesville, has president Trump earned his redemption?
14. August 2018 at 19:50
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The city of Charlottesville remembers with fresh wounds the elevation of Fascism against absolute democratic principles clearly orchestrated by white supremacist Saturday 11th-12th August 2017. One year after, has president Trump earned his redemption?
With memories still fresh and wounds yet to be healed, Americans rekindles in a candle light session with utmost nostalgia as they remember the very unfortunate events that later erupted into a scene of needless bloodshed, violence and racial bigotry resulting in the deaths of three Americans.

Established in 1762, the city of Charlottesville took its name from charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz who later became queen consort of Great Britain after a royal nuptial to King George III in 1761.

Known for its pristine-like candor unlike most of Virginia, the city was spared the brutal brunt of the American Civil War. Besides, the only known battle to have taken place at Charlottesville was the Skirmish at Rio Hill, an encounter in which George Armstrong Custer briefly engaged the local confederate home guards before retreating.

The politics of party defection in Nigeria
09. August 2018 at 22:11
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The Nigeria political mileage dates back as far back as the historical fact file of the nation anchored greatly on noble ideals and sacrosanct premises. Her politics of defection and cross carpeting prior to her modern day practices hinges greatly on ideological based principles eschewed in nobility and standard best practices. However, the reverse now seems the case with the advent of an unwittingly political construct which invariably places individual whims over service and commitment to the people.
The Nigerian political landscape has continued to spiral round the pendulum swing in a rather unusual harmonics. Since 1999 when the country returned to an absolute civilian dictates, her political transmogrification has since evolved from a point of simple harmonics into a calculative and complicated zigzag oscillatory switch being intended by the political class. Indeed, it has been a wave of events largely orchestrated by their whims and caprices aimed at misleading the citizenry into a circle of deluded quest.

Prior to 1999, political parties was largely predicated on both grounded goals and clear-cut objectives. Her formations were largely based on confirmed ideology and concretize belief system which obviously has certain philosophical trappings. The political structure as it were had the basic recipe needed for both the organiz...
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