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Politics
N.S.S: An Under-Utilized Arm of Nation Building
12. November 2018 at 09:19
by Shashank S R
National Service Scheme(N.S.S) is one of the largest student body in the world if not the biggest. It is a voluntary-student organization with 32 lakh volunteers spread across the country. This article emphasizes the need to re-visit N.S.S to suit the present day needs.
National Service Scheme(N.S.S), a centrally sponsored scheme under the Ministry of Youth Affairs, Government of India, was flagged off by the then Union Education Minister Dr. VKRV Rao in 1969 - the birth centenary year of Mahatma Gandhiji. It is a student-volunteer programme that started off in 37 Universities with a volunteer strength of 40,000 across India. The Scheme now has 36.58 lakh volunteers across 36965 N.S.S Units from 391 Universities. More than 4.60 Crore volunteers have been benefitted from the scheme since its inception. (National Service Scheme, 2018) (Department of Youth Affairs, 2016)

N.S.S works in educational institutions majorly at the Pre-University and Graduate levels by the establishment of N.S.S Units. Each N.S.S Unit can enroll up to 100 volunteers. The volunteers are students who are willing to put in 240 hou...
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Jamal Khashoggi: A death scar unto the Saudi Kingdom
12. November 2018 at 09:17
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The death of Jamal Khashoggi no doubt will forever remain a big scar unto the face of the Saudi Arabia authority who in recent past have continued to shy away from the truthfulness surrounding the gruesome murder of the Washington Post columnist. Most especially shocking, is the perceived complicity of the Kingdom most top hierarchy as it involve the death of Jamal Khashoggi. Nothing short of justice will exonerate this perceived complicity most especially in the eyes of the international community.
It was exactly 13:14 PM local time precisely on Oct.2, 2018 when he entered the Saudi-Arabia consulate in Istanbul (Turkey). Suddenly, at the middle of nowhere he disappeared into thin air leaving both his soon-to-be fiancée and the consulate security camera's all in wonderment and apparent shock. Just like an Hollywood action thriller, his assailant had it all mapped out even before he stepped into the consulate building. Indeed, it was a Steven Seagal kind of act.

From disappearance to death, the outright murder of Jamal Khashoggi pose a serious question mark on the moral structure and sanctity both on the Saudi- Arabian authority and that of her crown prince-Mohammad bin Salman:

He is the second most distinguish personality in the Kingdom, holding one of the highest and most influential office in Saudi- Arabia after ...
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Corruption as a canker worm to development: Nigeria as a case study
10. November 2018 at 19:50
by Meshach Idoko
The level of corruption is really alarming and many strategies have been put in place to curb it and all to no avail. This is really a major problem in Nigeria. Corruption is a canker worm to development. Nigeria is where we are today because of Corruption.
In recent times, with the introduction of Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP), Matthew Parris has observed that “corruption has become an African epidemic. It is impossible to overstate the poisoning of human relations and the paralyzing of initiative that the corruption on the African scale brings.”

A recent report by the International Human Rights Organization came out with Nigeria taking the first position on the list of the most corrupt nations in the world. Indeed, in Nigeria, corruption is so rampant that it is worthless to talk of any person who is not corrupt. Maybe it is better to say who is more or less corrupt.

In philosophical, theological, or moral discussions, corruption is spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal. Corruption entails many forms including bribery and embezzlement. Government ...
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One man can change the world - the Libertarian saga of Antony Fisher
20. October 2018 at 11:37
by Esimaje Onoseme
We are the change we seek, We become the idealogy of the change we we've worked to achieve. How a Man Changed a Nation; One man can change the world. The year was 1945 a young man named Antony Fisher entered the faculty office of Friedrich Hayek at the London School of Economics.
Five years earlier, Fisher had flown a Hawker Hurricane fighter plane for the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. He'd seen his younger brother's plane shot down by the German Luftwaffe. Of course, the death of Antony's brother was only one of many. British civilian losses numbered 23,000 and 32,000 wounded. But thanks to those who fought in the Royal Air Force, Britain remained free and momentum in the War began to shift against the Nazis. In Churchill's words, "Never in the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few." Antony Fisher was one of "The Few".

After World War II, Antony was concerned as he watched the British people elect a Labor Party government that was determined to nationalize key industries and "plan" the economic recovery. Fisher instinctively did not l...
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Are Lawyers representing asylum seekers “un-Australian”?
17. October 2018 at 19:38
by Maulline Gragau
According to Minister for Home Affairs and immediate former Minister for Immigration, Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs Peter Dutton, Lawyers representing asylum seekers who want to stay in Australia are “un-Australian”.
The Minister‘s remark came amid former Prime Minister Tumbull’s government’s news to end financial support for up to 100 Australian-based asylum seekers on the grounds that the government was frustrated by its constitutional responsibilities to asylum seekers.

The actions of Tumbull’s government and the Minister’s remarks drew mixed reactions from various sectors of society with the most prominent one being from Opposition Leader Bill Shorten who termed it as “[immediate former] Prime Minister Malcolm Tumbull’s weakest move yet.” The former Immigration minister is not the first person to level criticism against advocates representing asylum seekers and he certainly won’t be the last in view of the growing fight against multiculturalism.

Multiculturalism and multilingualism are ...
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Brett Kavanaugh endorsement and the morality of the Supreme Court
16. October 2018 at 13:38
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The argument for and against sexual misconduct rest solely on the outright jurisprudence of the court in interpreting wisely both within the framework of law and absolute morality. No one is better-off seeing that a clear case win both in morals and law is been thrown out the window all due to sentiment and emotional appeals. In this case, though, the Judge may have had his way, but in the long term, the society pays direly for this singular act of abuse of office and show of legal shame.
The victim said "Brett’s assault on me drastically altered my life. For a very long time, I was too afraid and ashamed to tell anyone the details. I did not want to tell my parents that I, at age 15, was in a house without any parents present, drinking beer with boys. I tried to convince myself that because Brett did not rape me, I should be able to move on and just pretend that it had never happened. Over the years, I told very few friends that I had this traumatic experience. I told my husband before we were married that I had experienced a sexual assault."

Established on 4th March, 1789, in pursuant of Article 111 of the United States constitution, the US supreme court from time immemorial has been regarded as one among the foremost institutions which lays and okays the garb of esteem law and morality in a land where...
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African leaders` role in financing continental development
14. October 2018 at 09:00
by Abednego Ishaya
Aside the roles that citizens play in attaining and maintaining a remarkable developmental stride, one other aspect that will bring to the actualization of a sustainable path towards the transformation of the African continent, is in the leadership structure and management. Hence, the place that leadership plays in bringing to bare, a long awaiting development in all ramifications in Africa, cannot be over emphasized.
The yearnings towards a state of an all round development and transformation in the African continent, has been a long overdue issue. To this, is the aspect where leadership comes in: “leadership is undoubtedly a privilege and a huge responsibility: as people aspire to be leaders, we often think of the glamorous public appearances, the power and the prestige; less is thought of basic issues that confront us all as human beings” (Gwamaka kifukwe, 2017). As such, less consideration is giving, as to how one can effectively serve towards bringing an all round developmental transformation that will further develop African states. Peter Thomson (2016) once stated that “It is not just enough to just wish there was adequate public finance, or to wonder why the large amounts of private finance seems so hard to persuade to invest ...
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National Anthem and Flag: Status quo or abrupt change?
12. October 2018 at 14:07
by Francine Beatriz Pradez
Two of the top legislators in the country are proposing to amend the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem as well as add another symbol to the Philippine National Flag. What do their respective bills mean and what does it mean if the Senate ratifies it?
Senator Vicente C. Sotto III’s pronouncement of amending the last lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem and Senator Richard J. Gordon’s proposed “Ninth Ray Bill” are stirring dissent and admonishment among certain sectors of society amidst rising inflation rates, incompetent government officials and talks about the mid – term elections slate. But are these abrupt ideas from some of our top legislators worthy for deliberation and relevant to the plight of the Filipino people today?

Under the current administration, Sen. Sotto seeks to change the lyrics, ““Aming ligaya na ‘pag may mang-aapi, ang mamatay nang dahil sa’yo” (But it is glory ever when thou art wronged for us thy sons to suffer and die.) with “Aming ligaya na ‘pag may mang-aapi, ang ipaglaban kalayaan...
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Myanmar: Ann San Suu Kyi and the silence of war crimes against the Rohingya's
09. October 2018 at 09:02
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
To summarise the situation in Myanmar as an obvious reality of ethnic cleansing is to say the least why individual like the respected Ann San Suu Kyi has remained silent on this issue of war crimes against humanity in the Rahkine state of Myanmar been perpetuated by a government she presides over.
"History will judge societies, and government and their institutions not by how big they are or how well they have serve the rich and the powerful, but how effectively they respond to the needs of the poor and the helpless"- Cesar Chavez (American labor leader and civil rights activist).

In recent times, there have been series of very scary and gory reports of war crimes against humanity but at no time has these reports been acted upon or taken seriously by the institutional government of the Republic of the union of Myanmar. Indeed, it has become a state controlled belligerent act of absolute will and might against minorities perceived as outcast and stateless.

The government of Myanmar has continued to deliberately trampled on the rights, privileges, and esteem values of very small ethnic groups in the state of Myanma...
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Global War Against Terror: A Systemic and State Level Analysis
06. October 2018 at 09:01
by Muhammad Bilal Tahir
This article describes the systemic and state level of analysis. It uses those level of analysis to describe the war against terrorism in international system. Finally the article provides its opinion on which level of analysis is best to describe war against terrorism.
To completely understand a global phenomena it is important to use a scholarly method suggested by the political scientists. One such method was suggested by an American political scientist J. David Singer. Singer described the three levels of analysis in one of his reports and suggested that those levels of analysis can be used to study a global phenomena. Singe stated that different level of analysis can help us to study both specific and broad global phenomena. This paper describes the systemic and the state level of analysis. Furthermore, the paper will use those two levels of analysis to explain the war against terrorism and which level of analysis is best to provide a better understanding of this global phenomena.

Systemic Level of international system argues that the foreign policies of a state can be learned without caring abo...
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Relation between political science and politics
01. October 2018 at 22:11
by Asfand Ali Goraho
Relationship between Political Science and Politics!There is no real difference between Political Science and Politics. Political Science studies Politics i.e. all political relations and interactions in society. Hence it cart be called Politics. Modern Political Scientists do not make a distinction between the two. They reject the traditional view which makes a distinction between these two.
Let us study both traditional and modern views regarding the relationship between Political Science and Politics:


Traditional View
Difference between Political Science & Politics The traditional scholars made a distinction between the discipline of Political Science which studies State and Government, and Politics stands for current problems and issues being faced by the government.

Scholars like Pollock suggest a distinction between Theoretical Politics (Political Science) and Applied Politics (Politics). The former is described as the theory of State and Government and the latter as the practice of State and Government.

Points Difference between Political Science & Politics:
1. Politics means the issues, problems and political activities which are actually taking place in society. Against it, Poli...
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Free speech on economic freedom for a new delta
26. September 2018 at 21:49
by Esimaje Michael Onoseme
The State of Progress and Development in the Niger Delta and Delta State in Particular is falling off the Grid, Hence a Call for leaders, Think Thanks, Stakeholders and Concerned Persons to Stand for Change
I cannot but again acknowledge that I need each and every Deltan to do some reflection on the economic state of infrastructure and policy development surrounding the Niger Delta. It's time to change the narratives and create free ideology of rescue from state capture which has impoverished the masses and new age of existing ideas

How does a state go from being the shining light of Western Region, to one that poverty rules and desperation is etched unto the faces of citizens. In the old Western Region which led Nigeria in innovation and people oriented policies, the more admired entrepreneurs and civil servants were from the Midwest, out of which today's Delta is derived.

Our country may have gone through bad patches but Delta has no excuse being the home of many poor. My view of the way forward requires that we see reasons together....
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Anticoruption: Nigeria is leaving adolescents behind
24. September 2018 at 21:11
by Victor Oyelade
According to a UNICEF report, there are currently 1.2 Billion adolescents in the world, making up to 16 percent of the world`s entire human population. In Africa, there are presently 289 million adolescents (aged 10-19 years) who make up lump 23 percent of the entire African population.
The adolescent population in Nigeria is about 40 million individuals. This constitutes about 23 percent of the entire Nigerian population. Many well developed Western countries like Belgium, Isreal, Portugal etc have populations between 9 and 12 million. Australia, the least continent in the world by size, has a total human population of 25 million.

So, beyond the stats, what are we saying?
The 40 million adolescent population in Nigeria, aren’t just a nation in themselves but a continent. Hence, they need to be strategically involved in our agenda to make the world a better place. Global Coalition, The United Nations, World Health Organizations all got great plans for Children around the world – However, Adolescents are not Children. They aren’t adults either. They are just stuck in between, battl...
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The Venezuela Crisis and the dictatorial rule of Nicholas Maduro
22. September 2018 at 21:40
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The Venezuelan situation has continued to grow from bad to worse since 2014 when the GDP growth decline to -3.0%. Indeed, it was a moment of gory like situation when the IMF projected an all time inflationary rate due to hit 1 Million % at the end of 2018.
Known for her petroleum oil base reservoir, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela prides herself as one among the world's leading exporter of oil. A fit which have contributed immensely to the growth and development of the nation in recent time past. Given a rich history of both oil boom and economic ascendancy, the southern America nation on the northern coast comprising great continental landmasses inclusive of huge islands and islets in the Caribbean sea, have also suffered series of economic setbacks, shocks, and political overtures.

Given her period of economic meltdown both in the 80's and 90's, to the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989 which led to the death of several thousand of Venezuelans in their numbers, this Latin America nation has no doubt witnessed a tale of negative political experience both from the stables of political s...
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Is it possible to liberalize world order?
17. September 2018 at 20:30
by Muhammad Zain
Though realism has prevailed over liberalism in international relations yet there are some features of liberalism that make it more plausible for the stability and prosperity of international order along with individual involvement in decision making domestically and internationally.
After WW2, there was a brief resurgence of liberalism in international relations with the formation of the United Nations, as liberalism backs international governance system to whom all the countries of the world should be compliant. But cold war extinguished the sentiment of liberalism. After the war ended, the new world order again created a brief resurgence of the claim of liberalism but the tragedy of 9/11 brought realism in prominence.

As the United States and its allies are waging costly wars against different states and the groups within them, or outside them. So now the new world order comes into questions under the supremacy of US. Looking through the spectacles of liberalism there are some features that it provide for the betterment of world order by raising questions against existing world order.

Lberalism can...
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Between Yoweri Museveni and Bob Wine: The Uganda tale
14. September 2018 at 22:57
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
"We are fed up of those who oppress our lives and everything that takes away our rights. Uganda seems to be moving backwards and this is almost making us hate our own nation. This is unfair for you to be misrulling us. Well, we know you fought a bush war. But imagine a child who was born when you came has also long became a parent. Somebody help us tell this to Mzee (Museveni)"- Bob Wine addresses the state of the Ugandan politics through a music titled "Freedom" released last year.
This was meant to protest against a constitutional amendment that proposed the removal of the presidential age limit of 75, making long-time President Yoweri Museveni eligible to run in 2021.Surly, it eventually got signed into law in 2017. "To view the opposition as dangerous is to misunderstand the basic concepts of democracy. To oppress the opposition is to assault the very foundation of democracy" - Aung San Suu Kyi

The government of Yoweri Miuseveni in recent years has indeed fell short of what beget democratic norms and nuts in clear terms. From showing resilient prior to 1986 to becoming the pride of western soothsayers on his leadership style and acumen in the 1990's, the administration of Yoweri Museveni has since snowballed into an authoritarian, unitary, and dictatorial form of ruler-ship which begets all the tra...
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Generational shift is happening in Afghanistan
13. September 2018 at 00:15
by Abdullah Abed
People around the globe have been hearing for decades plenty of failure stories concerning to the ongoing violence, chaos and conflicts in Afghanistan; a country prone to a longtime war. Though the enduring deadly war making no exception to any segment of the society but it reaps young people in an extremely merciless manner.
Just within August over 200 of young Afghans serving in national security forces lost their lives to the Taliban overran on Ghazni city and some districts in northern provinces. More over ISIS-Kurasan suicide bombing on August 15 in west of Kabul- densely populated by Hazara the most of our hardworking community- in a prep school claimed lives of roughly 50 well educated young females and males while wounded 67 more. Prior to this in Dec 2017 ISIS militants carried out suicide attack on a cultural center named Tibian in the same neighborhood in west of Kabul killed over 40 vast majority of them highly educated youths.

It is not mere long lasted war that has been engulfing mostly our young generation for years. Corruption, nepotism in administrative system, record high unemployment rate, lack of education opportunities and uncertainty ...
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The Saudi-Led coalition and the reports of war crimes in Yemen
08. September 2018 at 21:47
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
“I was one of the first to arrive on the scene, seeking to rescue the wounded; I lifted a body and I found that it was Ahmed’s face. I hugged him, he was my son,” -.Hussein Tayeb. A parent who mourn the gruesome death of his two sons,14-year-old Yusef, 11-year-old Ahmed and nine-year-old Ali after a Saudi airstrike in Dahyan hit a school bus conveying children to school on 9th August, 2018.
"Under the laws of war, parties must do everything feasible to verify that targets are valid military objectives"- Human Rights Watch

From the city of Sana'a to southern Yemen in Aden, both the Houthi rebels and the Saudi-led coalition forces have continued to flay the rules of international engagements as stipulated in varied conventions of war. The resultant effect has been serial cases of humanitarian crisis which have preempted the global community chanting the songs of war crimes against humanity which have gone beyond the terrestrial. The engagement has been both ways, but in a scale of military balance and precise targets, the objectives have been uneven.

The Yemeni Civil war which started since 2015 has no doubt left the imprints of severe devastation and absolute annihilation across boards. With over 21 millio...
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Bad Apples
05. September 2018 at 21:25
by Christopher Tawiah-mensah
I passed by 23 people in about 3 minutes. That is 23 different talents, at least; 23 different opinions, 23 different uniqueness and at minimum, 23 different gifts to the world. They all sure have something to say, an experience to share, an idea to materialize or a knowledge (no matter the depth) about a matter. Even the smoker has an advice under his nicotine breath. " Smoking kills, son. Don't even think of starting." one of their many counsels. Strange how wisdom sometimes lurks within the most guttered of corners.
Not to mention the police officer on the rickety motorcycle without his helmet on. He speeds pass other drivers and overtakes vehicles who can't keep up with his speed. A splendid example of a good citizen! "Afterall, who would dare question me, or even check my license or particulars? I am the law." he comforts himself with high shoulders and a wink, allowing his seven year old son to return his helmet to its hiding place. "That's his trouble" he pelts the helmet into a tool box in the garage. They pull over an oncoming vehicle. "Show me your license, turn on the trafficator lights. Lemme see your air conditioner... erhm, sorry.. your fire extinguisher" He missed the all-famous verse of the 'search anthem'. Too eager to sing the chorus and harp the bridge (if any). Without waiting for the entire concert to ...
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John McCain: The president America never had
30. August 2018 at 21:51
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
"We weaken our greatness when we confuse our patriotism with tribal rivalries that have sown resentments and hatred and violence in all the corners of the globe. We weaken it when we hide behind the walls, rather than tear them down, when we doubt the power of our ideals, rather than trust them to the great force for change they have always been". -John Sidney McCain
"Americans never quit, we never surrender, we never hide from history, we make history" -John McCain. This were his very own parting words as he uniquely bids farewell to the American people unto the great beyond. John Sidney McCain, an absolute statesman to the core succumbs bravely to the cold hands of death after a long battle with an aggressive brain tumor as diagnosed at the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona in the summer of 2017.

He was the president America never had. A dogged fighter and a patriot whose conservative genes became uniquely branded as a Maverick. McCain soar and towered both as a war Veteran and an absolute great political machine whose oil became a needed grease in fine-tuning both political brilliance and great governance. His initiation into politics in 1982 after a thorough service to his co...
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Leadership: It is time to raise Farmers, not Hunters
28. August 2018 at 19:54
by Tosin Arebuwa
As we are moving closer to the 2019 general elections in Nigeria, thus, it is meet and right to civically guide my fellow teeming youths...A hunter. Who is a hunter?Simply put, a hunter is one who hunts. And to hunt means to pursue and kill, basically, for food. A hunter nurtures absolutely nothing, but kills what nature nurtures. He only thinks of himself and the immediateness and nothing more. He is really never empathetic, nor compassionate.
However, in the case of a farmer, farming - be it in a subsistence or a commercial scale, requires a lot of labouring and hard works. From bush-clearing or cultivation, to bush-burning, to tilling the ground, to planting, to irrigating (in the case of drought), to weeding et al - before harvesting can finally take place. A farmer can never gather where he has not sowed - except it is by stealing. And no farmer can reap a tomato - when he only plants an onion. And every farmer who wants to reap bountifully, must be diligent in their doings.

From the foregoing analogy, we can see clearly the enormous difference(s) between a hunter and a farmer. One, in his dealings, only relies on a happenstance by the day - while the other is so diligent in his day-to-day activities. One continually robs nature and contributes to the endangerment of som...
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Evolution and development of the right of information in India
27. August 2018 at 16:46
by Stuti Aastha
The Constitution of India has been around for 68 years now, and has since been amended a number of times to accommodate the changing mind set of developing India, and the interpretation of this document, especially of the Articles related to Fundamental Rights has been diverse.
One such interpretation in pretty recent times has been the Right To Information, which hasn’t been expressly stated in any portion, but can be derived from Article 19(1)(a) and Article 21 of the Constitution of India itself. We are all aware how “absolute power corrupts absolutely” and we can safely assume that it is not a mere philosophical phrase. The journey from a demand of information to it becoming a Bill to finally a lawful Right has been in phases – from resistance to disclose any information whatsoever, to state-level Right To Information Acts, to a roughly-made, protective of public authorities Freedom Of Information Act in 2002 and finally, arriving at what exists as the Right To Information Act today Having completed around 12 years in existence, it is notable is that it hasn’t been subjected to ...
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Kofi Annan: There was a man
23. August 2018 at 22:26
by Eyinmosan Dickson Jnr
"These often unsung heroes understand...that poverty, disease and famine are just as deadly and destructive as earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunamis. Individuals ...are taking on these challenges in their communities, volunteering to make a difference. They remain the true champions of our work towards the Millennium Development Goals." -- Kofi Annan
The world stood still as the wave of sorrow superimposes her crest unto the faces of millions of person across the globe. It was a day where the flag of both the United Nations and that of the Ghanaian nation became lowered at half its mast level. It was an occurrence no one saw coming as top diplomats around the world was taken aback by the sudden turn of events. From Kumasi to the world, Africa biggest export and foremost internationalist Kofi Annan dies at 80.
The news which filtered through the spine of the Kofi Annan foundation sent immediate cold shivers down the spine of global leaders who received the sad news in an absolute perplexity.

“It is with immense sadness that the Annan family and the Kofi Annan Foundation announce that Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations and Nobel Peace Laureate, passed...
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Ghanaian YouthPower Advocate At OGP Global Summit At Georgia.
21. August 2018 at 20:13
by Francis Ametepey
Francis Ametepey, a youth advocate from Ghana represented Restless Development at the Open Government Partnership Global Summit (OGP) in Tbilisi, Georgia. Read about my reflections from the event and about how summits can act as springboards for youth involvement in policy-making.
Last month I went to the OGP Summit in Georgia, alongside Restless youth advocates from Kenya, Sierra Leone and the Philippines.

Firstly, let me brief you on what OGP is all about. OGP stands for Open Government Partnership which is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, accountability, and responsiveness to citizens. The long-term aim is to help governments become accountable and, ultimately, eradicate poverty.

The summit brings together 78 national and 20 local governments, ensuring that they are more accountable to civil society groups. We led a workshop on Youth and the Future of Open Government, an event which brought together 15 young and passionate youth advocates from across the globe. Sat alongside government ministers, civil society advocates, we shared how we are tackling the biggest ...
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Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh: The heroic doctor who paid the ultimate price in Nigeria
20. August 2018 at 20:41
by Eyinmosan Dickson Jnr
She is known for preventing the Nigerian index case from leaving the hospital at the time of diagnosis, thereby playing a key role in curbing the spread of the virus in Nigeria. On 4 August 2014, it was confirmed that she had tested positive for Ebola virus disease and was being treated. Adadevoh died in the afternoon of 19 August 2014.
“The last time I saw her face-to-face was the day I went to the centre to give her footwear and her iPad. She was physically very weak. This was someone I had never seen fall sick in my life. I took all the stuff to her and put it through the door, she had to go and collect it because I couldn’t go into the room. We spoke through the window, I was crying. But she was adamant, she said: “Don’t worry, son. This thing is not going to kill me, but I am very proud of you.” Those were the last words she told me. This was about 10 days before she died. The WHO Doctor Dr. David told us that it was just a matter a time before she dies, that we should expect the call the next day or in the next week. We were waiting for the call. But he kept telling us that it was a matter of time. It was worse than receiving the actua...
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One year after Charlottesville, has president Trump earned his redemption?
14. August 2018 at 19:50
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The city of Charlottesville remembers with fresh wounds the elevation of Fascism against absolute democratic principles clearly orchestrated by white supremacist Saturday 11th-12th August 2017. One year after, has president Trump earned his redemption?
With memories still fresh and wounds yet to be healed, Americans rekindles in a candle light session with utmost nostalgia as they remember the very unfortunate events that later erupted into a scene of needless bloodshed, violence and racial bigotry resulting in the deaths of three Americans.

Established in 1762, the city of Charlottesville took its name from charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz who later became queen consort of Great Britain after a royal nuptial to King George III in 1761.

Known for its pristine-like candor unlike most of Virginia, the city was spared the brutal brunt of the American Civil War. Besides, the only known battle to have taken place at Charlottesville was the Skirmish at Rio Hill, an encounter in which George Armstrong Custer briefly engaged the local confederate home guards before retreating.

Sad...
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The politics of party defection in Nigeria
09. August 2018 at 22:11
by Dickson Eyinmosan Jnr.
The Nigeria political mileage dates back as far back as the historical fact file of the nation anchored greatly on noble ideals and sacrosanct premises. Her politics of defection and cross carpeting prior to her modern day practices hinges greatly on ideological based principles eschewed in nobility and standard best practices. However, the reverse now seems the case with the advent of an unwittingly political construct which invariably places individual whims over service and commitment to the people.
The Nigerian political landscape has continued to spiral round the pendulum swing in a rather unusual harmonics. Since 1999 when the country returned to an absolute civilian dictates, her political transmogrification has since evolved from a point of simple harmonics into a calculative and complicated zigzag oscillatory switch being intended by the political class. Indeed, it has been a wave of events largely orchestrated by their whims and caprices aimed at misleading the citizenry into a circle of deluded quest.

Prior to 1999, political parties was largely predicated on both grounded goals and clear-cut objectives. Her formations were largely based on confirmed ideology and concretize belief system which obviously has certain philosophical trappings. The political structure as it were had the basic recipe needed for both the organiz...
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Does Imran Khan is really Persistent on his previously given statements?
09. August 2018 at 22:08
by Muhammad Attique Shah
The article evaluates the commitments of PTI chairman done with his nation. Mostly, it has focused on what he said regarding Kashmir Issue. Both of his statements are compared, one given before election and one after the elections.
Does Imran Khan is really Persistent on his previously given statements?

PTI chairman Imran Khan vowed on Monday to resolve the issue of Kashmir and raise voice for the rights of Kashmiris at every forum.

Looking at the statement of PTI chairman Imran Khan published in Express Tribune on May 23, 2016, that; PTI chairman Imran Khan vowed on Monday to resolve the issue of Kashmir and raise voice for the rights of Kashmiris at every forum. Now connecting his previously given statement submitted in a gathering in Bagh, Azad Kashmir on May 23, 2016, let’s connect his previously done vows with the people of Pakistan, undoubtedly, he seems to have a constancy on what he vowed with his nation.

In his first address published on 26 July 2018. According to the news, “Pakistan is ready to improve its ties with India, Pakistan Te...
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Formidable challenges to the upcoming government in Pakistan
04. August 2018 at 18:44
by Muhammad Zain
People will choose a new government in Pakistan on the 25th of July, but there will be the serious problems, besides human development issue, which new government will have to face from the establishment of Pakistan and the ongoing tussle is likely to increase with the formation of new government.
No prime minister in Pakistan has ever completed his tenure and the biggest reason behind it is the tussle between civil-military relations. Democracy in Pakistan has seen different phases and threats. Mostly, the derailing of democracy occurs after the unrest due to rigged elections after which establishment finds it easy to make its place in the government. Founder of Pakistan Peoples Party, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, was also ousted due to allegations of rigged elections and later on, was hanged in a dubious trial. Later on, prime ministers were provided a little space and little time to perform.
Now, a new government is going to hold the office for five years but there are serious threats to democracy, no matter whichever party wins the elections. The main contest is between two parties, Pakistan Tahreek e Insaf and Pakistan Musl...
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Positive aspects of British Colonialism in Indian subcontinent
30. July 2018 at 22:42
by Muhammad Zain
British ruled the Indian subcontinent for about 100 years. Besides atrocities, there were significant developments by them which included the areas of politics, economy, education, and infrastructure. These developments are playing a central role in running both the countries Pakistan and India.
The Indian subcontinent was being ruled by Muslims for 1000 years, but there were no significant changes for the development of people. No doubt, the economy was far better before the advent of British in India as compared to their departure. But money was in the hands of only landlords and feudal system was sucking the whole money. British made a platform of democracy and the political parties were given some kind of sovereignty to express their thoughts, which was an outstanding and unprecedented work by them. The concept of Legislature was introduced beginning from the acts of “Indian councils act of 1861”, through acts of 1892, 1909, 1919 and finally 1935. Because of this, India was able to go from provinces with bitter animosity among themselves to a unified nation.

Education also observed outstanding changes. Medical ...
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Analysis of EU Development Cooperation Agenda towards Pakistan 1990 to date
28. July 2018 at 23:57
by Muhammad Attique Shah
For more than a decade the European Union has begun to widen its relations with Asian countries, specifically with Pakistan, beyond being merely a trading partner. In fact, the European Union is Pakistan’s one of the major trading partners.
With the beginning of the 21st century, the EU has comprehended it needs to progress stronger and wider policies with Asian countries. Pakistan has been on the brim of the EU’s policy in Asia. Its interest in the country has grown-up mainly because of the presence of European troops in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, the link with home-grown terrorism and robust US and British insistence that the EU should help soothe the country. United States’ aid to Pakistan has been unequal, with periods of high disbursement of funds and periods of aid stoppage.

Irrespective of economic aid, significant military assistance has made it subject to reproach from Pakistan’s viewpoint, although it is just what Islamabad has mainly demanded from Washington. After the US Congress approved what is known...
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Confused seperation
27. July 2018 at 00:53
by Bilal Abbasi
I have been to Lahore my friends accompanying me and our last show which we were eager to be a part of was Wagah boarder .Yes we reached there accordingly and everyone was excited and slogans of ''Pakistan Zindabad'' all over and patriotic songs were played etc etc. But not so long the other side (indian) catches my attention and a boarde planted in between to demarcate (the two nations).
The word nation took me to the pioneer of the two nation theory Sir Syed Ahmed Khan "muslims and hindus belong to two different religious philosophies ,social customs and literatures" it took me a while to memorize this definition in my childhood by the way. Anyways my eyes were constantly shifting sometimes towards them and then on our people and i was playing a game used to play in childhood of finding the differences between the two pictures but unfortunately in vain and haven't found any.

Yes yes i haven't found any remarkable difference except they were large in number was not much difference in clothing not that difference in dancing. I kept on searching more by gathering more events back home .We people see their dramas they see ours. Pakistan is their second home of Bollywood .The boldness which is shown in these Bol...
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Decoding India
18. July 2018 at 17:00
by Pranav Mohla
The ills associated with Indians today, not just the leadership but we, the people, are not inherent, but instead a by-product of the six decades of atrocious leadership. That is not meant to excuse how we have become as citizens, but once the system of leadership changes, after a short lag, we'll all be far more worthy citizens too. The focus therefore should, at the moment at least, be on dealing with the fountainhead of India's problems until that problem is well and truly gone
What we need is a watershed redressal of an underlying injustice, with the power of people asserting itself over the political class, catalysing by the leadership and inspiration of the ideals of our founding fathers. We are tired of the arrogance, incompetence and of course the corruption of the people who we have chosen to serve. Many battles lie ahead, but just a small of start of evoking amongst ourselves a sentiment in monumental proportions for the betterment of our nation shall truly mark the beginning of a new era for a greater, spiritually cleansed India.

Bureaucracy ridden Education Systems
Only one out of 9 children finishing school actually join a college. Only 1 out of 10 Arts students and 1 out of 4 science students are ultimately employable. There's also an unacceptable gap as regards the quality...
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Decline of the power of Pakistan People’s Party
16. July 2018 at 21:27
by Muhammad Attique Shah
The article deals with the declining street power of Pakistan Political Party. The party had the honor of being a ruling part of the country but now they are just remained in Sindh province.
Recently, the chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party Bilawal Zardari was seen active in a election campaign which was seen with many cars, buses and bikes all together to show their street power while making Bilawal; sit on a +4 wheeler lorry. On reaching to every city, the workers raised the slogans of Wazeer_e_Azam Bilawal which depicts that. They think that He would be next prime minister of Pakistan. I don’t know the crux of their ambiguity but at least I am sure that People, from their rally, have been clear about declining street power of Pakistan Peoples Party. Similarly, the party have also been caught for swallowing more than 90 billion rupees. Which were issued to spent on Larkana.

The lust for money and greed for power have made them out of their conscious level that Bilawal’s car killed a girl under wheels because ...
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What makes Kazim Shah stand out among all the candidates contesting for national
13. July 2018 at 21:36
by Muhammad Attique Shah
The article discuss the criteria on which a candidate shall be evaluated. After reading the article residents of NA 212 will easily be able to evaluate each candidate. It answers the question and compares others candidates with Mr. Kazim Shah.
Before casting vote to anyone it's very much necessary to go through a comparative analysis of all the candidates in terms of their vision, ideology and the foresightedness to develop a society they are a candidate of. The same formula I applied to best evaluate the candidates and I found Mr. Kazim Shah the most deserving person for a vote be cast. Few thing makes him stand ourin all those include his previous work; done for the welfare of Moro citizens while uplifting the whole society. Yeah, it can be expected that; he may work from dawn to dusk.

So considering sect a basis for casting a vote, is really ridiculous approach. Because Prophet Peace Be Upon HIM admired one of the kings in the past who was a non Muslim but because of his society; based on justice, He PEACE BE UPON HIM admired him which proves that the base for a vote be ...
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Information Technology in Education and New Generation
12. July 2018 at 17:20
by Nisha Meena
The information society challenges the education system. In recent years, the speedy, effective and global communication of knowledge has created a new foundation for co-operation and teamwork, both nationally and internationally. The increasing role played by information technology in the development of society calls for an active reaction to the challenges of the information society.
Already, new and greater demands are being made as to the core qualifications of individuals, as well as to their understanding and knowledge of the consequences of the introduction of information technology for the work and organisation of a company. The result is the efficient handling, processing, co-ordination and administration of company resources, which is decisive for the competitiveness of the company.In a society which is becoming increasingly dependent on information and the processing of knowledge, great demands are therefore made that the individual should have a solid and broad educational foundation on which to build.

Educational policy in the information society must ensure that:
• IT qualifications are developed by means of their integration in all activities in the education sector and
• The individual ...
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Why do some countries remain poorer than others?
09. July 2018 at 18:29
by Mthandazo Khumalo
Some countries around the globe are in an economic condition that does not allow their citizens to enjoy basic services or satisfy their basic needs such as food, clothing, housing, education, healthcare and so on.
This article is an attempt to explain the reasons why some countries are still poor. The first partwill explain some internal causes, the second part will analyze the external causes and the third part will be about the limits to these justifications of poverty.

For instance thirty-three sub-Saharan African countries with a population estimated to 617 million in 2001 have a per-capita income of $271, in other words a daily income of 74 cents. Life expectancy at birth is below sixty years in these countries and Child mortality rates are above 100 per 1000 children (Jeffrey Sachs et al. 2004).

On the other hand, some countries facing the same reality of poverty in the 1960s have been able to pull themselves out of poverty and even join the circle of developed countries. South Korea which is now a member of the Organization for Econom...
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Globalization: the effects on economy, culture and society
09. July 2018 at 17:43
by Anna Kontseba
Nowadays globalization plays an important role in our society. What does it mean? What is the role of this phenomenon in the modern world? Is it good or bad?
Globalization is the process of complicating and deepening interconnections and interdependencies between countries and regions, enterprises and even people. This phenomenon has 3 forms: economic, political and cultural. It means it influence on three aspects of our life.

Globalization makes our life more comfortable, gives more opportunities in the modern world. Let’s explore the most important benefits that globalization gives us.
1. Saving of production scale. We can analyze how many goods we need and we can save money and resources in one branch to spend them more where we need
2. Deepening the international division of labor. Specializing of each country on production goods that will be competitive in the foreign market makes the world economy more logical and rational.
3.&...
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Gujarat Elections- A Gamechanger In the Long Run?
06. July 2018 at 17:17
by Souryaditya Sen
This article will be providing readers with a brief idea about the Gujarat Elections which took place at the end of 2017. The Gujarat Elections according to many was a gamechanger. And it may have a significant bearing on the 2019 Indian General Election Results. This article will give you just a sneak peek into the currrent Indian political scenario.
I have focused on the two leaders who may be holding the key to India's future. Our current prime minister, the larger than Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janta Party . And on the other hand, the perennial underdog Rahul Gandhi of the Congress who is slowly but surely finding his feet in mainstream politics. The Gujarat Elections was not just a clash of these two personalities. It was a lot more. It is a dress rehearsal for the bigger elections and challebges which both parties have to overcome I have not delved too deep in this article. However, I hope you will be agreeable to my views and be able to enjoy the piece.

Life seldom turns out the way you expect it to. Certainly after the 2014 Lok Sabha Debacle, nobody would have dreamt that the Bhartiya Janta Party would huff and puff their way to a simple majority in their traditional s...
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The role of food wasting on starvation-descriptive study
05. July 2018 at 21:18
by Adan Bulale
Do you know that 1.3 ton of food is wasted every year across the world, the main reason behind it is that those who are wasting don’t believe that the human needs for it, the industrialized and developed countries waste more food than developing countries, and many agricultural lands across the world are turned into industrial lands, in addition, 1 billion people in the world use less food than the rate they required and other 1 billion people use more food than the rate they actually needed, unfortunately, these actions are causing acute starvation
In this study, I will focus on how wasting the food causes starvation, I will narrate separately starvation and food wasting, also I will come up with some facts about food wasting by quoting FAO and other researchers, plus I will mention the main causes of food wasting and the strategies we can cope with it.

This study will examine the contribution of food wasting on starvation, employ descriptive/ conceptual research, I will read almost ten articles written by different researchers and institutions including FAO, after noting the concept I get from them I will summarize them and put it into writing. During this study, I reviewed ten articles written by different scholars, and all of them focused on the relationship between starvation and food wasting in different context especially in the third world including Africa and Asia.

One...
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State police: a panacea to security deficiency in Nigeria
01. July 2018 at 21:14
by Abiodun Jamiu Sulaiman
Like a rock in the middle of a lake, forever cooled by flowing water, I do know the sun's hotness that burns and dries up the open land. With saddened pen I write to console the soul of those who have lost their promising lives and have had their lives at stake due to the security imbroglio and challenges facing the country like flies that failed to desist from the wound of its keeper.
Insecurity with no iota of skepticism is the predicament facing Africa as a continent. In fact, it is a common perception among the advance countries of the world to see Africa as a crisis laden zone. Nigeria, a country in the south of the Sahara, without village rats singing to ear of those in the city, is not an abaya in the midst of linen. Insecurity still lives and breathe much after the world deadliest terrorist group was declared technically defeated. Is it the Herdsmen crisis, Plateau killings, Zamfara crisis, Cattle rustlers, Kidnapping, Robbery amongst other that is not pertinent to exhume a lazy corpse? This is not to suggest that security officers in the country are not performing their rites, Nigeria as a whole is wholly police-starved, hence the call for the creation of a state police To Help halt the viral spread of insecuri...
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The Effects of Political Violence on Social Development in Nigeria
29. June 2018 at 22:10
by Tochukwu Benedict Ezeifekwuaba
In the present decades, Nigeria has been heard on News for its various unnecessary reasons of the unprecedented political violence which has transpired in various parts of the nation but with precise dominance in the Northern regions of the country. The current trend of social violent incidents was the mass killing of almost One Hundred security officials in Kwara State, Northern Central Nigeria by an Armed Local Secret referred in local jargons as “Ombatse” (entailing “we have come”) cult groups on Thursday May 7th, 2013 (Onwubuiro, 2013).
Politicians recruited, empowered and trained local secret sect to victimize, intimidate and harass suspected political adversary opposing views against their political ambition. The practices of violence has not solely been sustained and imbibed as part of the Nation’s political behavior since inception but it has also been a major reason for the minimal involvement of Nigerians in Politics in the Nation.

As in the case of when they discovered that during the party Ward Congress, a lot of politicians went to the congress equipped with acid containers and assault rifles for possible application on opponents. These politicians used Local Secret sect to force the innocent citizens to vote against their intentions. At the Polling Booths; the party agents visibly threatened to compromise and the Independent National Electoral Commiss...
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Gender Equality is Immensely Important for a Developed Pakistan
27. June 2018 at 21:16
by Zulfiqar Ali Ramzan
Gender discrimination is a vital challenge that our society has faced throughout the history. At present, this uneven situation is causing problems among people and it will continue to grow in the near future, if gender equality is not discussed. Gone are the days when women used to work in house, feed their children and carry out the everyday chores.
The feminism wave that started in the western society has changed the living conditions of people, particularly women, in the western hemisphere. However, Pakistan is still facing challenges towards equal rights of gender, despite the fact that Islam itself tells about it in the workplace. Let religion apart, our mind tells us that human beings are equal but our mindset tells us that women are born to work at home, feed their children whereas, men are the sole breadwinners. This situation has led to social, political, economic, and security issues. Pakistani society has reached to a point where women act as subordinate, and men are the elites in this situation. However, equality as well as humanity tells us that women are also part of the society and their active role will be beneficial for us. Gender inequality is a growing menace in Pak...
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To FIGHT for peace does not mean to CREATE one
26. June 2018 at 20:36
by Valeriia Tsytsyk
If history teaches us to find and keep peace, and if upon reviewing all the terrible conflicts, battles and wars, we start to feel terrified and sorry for those people who were in the middle of painful events, why do we not stop? Why do we develop and create more and more strategies, new equipment, and greater means to deliver violence to harm each other?
"History cannot give us a program for the future, but it can give us a fuller understanding of ourselves, and of our common humanity so that we can better face the future”. (Robert Penn Warren)

By now, people have gone through a lot of painful events that have changed mankind once and for all. The countless revolutions, battles, and wars, the hundreds of thousands of deaths, are all the things that give an impulse for new steps and changed directions, even though we cannot deny the fact that there have always been detrimental influences at work: broken lives and families, destroyed cities and countries, suffering, and helplessness. It seems that having experienced all this consternation, we should have become careful and peaceful creatures, caring about our well-being and peacefulness. Unfortunately, as we can see, this is f...
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The Lavish Life Style and Distortion of Development Policy
26. June 2018 at 20:20
by Maulline Gragau
Public Administration and development, like peace and war, are the opposite side of the same coin. They cannot be treated in isolation or separated. Responsive leadership and economic growth should be used as the means of promoting and sustaining human development.
While many national policy-makers and ‘modern’ intellectuals recognize that the continent accounts for just above 3% of the world’s total volume of trade and that it is grossly marginalized, they still pursue the economic development model and lead the extravagant lifestyles of the rich countries of the West. Most African Countries’ capitals are teeming with the latest models of luxurious cars like Mercedes Benz, Porsche, BMW, Audi and Ford. The greed, insatiable appetite of our leaders, local elite and the ‘modern’ intellectuals together with their propensity for luxurious consumption and for non-existent capital intensive projects has consolidated the stage for corruption, Kenya’s economic dependency and vulnerability.

How can we launch an alternative vision of sustainable development if we ...
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My Vision for Africa
23. June 2018 at 19:41
by Maulline Gragau
There is no doubt that Africa is a crippled, but potential giant. For a long time, the continent has been merely reduced to a source of raw materials for the European markets and a dumping ground for sub-par products from the Asian market. Africa has never become a real game player in the game of capitalism partly because of her internal contradictions such as unscrutinised policies and institution of reckless political decisions.
To date only the resources of the continent have been effectively integrated into the global economic system meaning that the continent accounts for just above 3% of the world’s total volume of trade. Africans must count on themselves because the crippled giant has enormous resources which can be harnessed for the benefit of the present and future generations.

One of the major challenges facing Africa is undoubtedly a healthy relationship between its people and the environment. Its capacity to protect the environment and establish sustainable development is constrained by the continent's history, culture, ecology, education, institutions, policies, politics, legal framework and level of technology. Yet Africa must improve the quality of life of its people through maintenance of a cleaner environment, higher incomes, better educa...
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Education budget and our needs in Pakistan
19. June 2018 at 19:02
by Athar Maqsood
Education is the most powerful weapon in the world by which we can conquer world even. It builds a nation and makes a nation civilized. The first word of the revelation deals with the importance of knowledge. In Sura Al-Alaq it is said, “Read: In the name of thy Lord Who created.”
Pakistan spends 2.5% GDP on education. At national level, 89% education expenditure comprises of current expenses such as teachers’ salaries, while only 11% comprises of development expenditure which is not sufficient to raise quality of education. the budget target of 2.5 per cent of GDP, not high by international standards, seems optimistic. On the other hand, Even Cuba like countries are investing a major part of their economy on Education. Then why don't we? The official data shows the allocation of funds for educational projects but there is no mechanism which ensures the proper expenditure of those funds on education. As per the charter of United Nations, every country should spend 4.4 percent of its GDP on education, but the Pakistani government is sparing negligible budget for education.

 Innocent children are forced...
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Should we be afraid of ISIS?
19. June 2018 at 19:02
by Marton Jasz
Nowadays due to several terror attacks in Europe, terrorism became a quite popular topic amongst European politicians and society as well. But are they really a threat to the public?
The history of ISIS begins back in 1979, when Soviet troops arrived in Afghanistan, and the country’s communist party took power with Nur Muhammad Taraki as the leader. The Soviets initially attacked Afghanistan to defend the public dictator against rebels. The governments concepts, and radical modernization was not quite popular, especially amongst the rural population. Loads of other young men from the Middle East joined the fight against the Stalinist-like system. This is how Osama bin Laden and Abu Musab Zarqawi joined. Osama bin Laden together with other Arab volunteers formed Al-Qaeda, a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization and Zarqawi is considered to be one of the founders of the Islamic State.

Osama Bin Laden fleed to Pakistan, due to the invasion of Afghanistan by the United States. Zarqawi went to Iraq,...
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Strategic Lessons from South Korea for the Development of Zimbabwe
17. June 2018 at 20:13
by Mthandazo Khumalo
Korea’s success presents one of the biggest economic development histories across the geo-spatial temporal divide. It should be noted that Korea is an outstanding case because of its rapid development from being a poor to one of the most outstanding big economic powers in the world. Since Zimbabwe has been less successful in fast-tracking its development as well as integrating into the economy of the world, it is important for the country to draw strategic lessons of the remarkable success of Korea.
The performance Zimbabwe’s exports are not encouraging and this is shown by the increased imports into the country and less exports. Korea’s export promotion strategy that helped it to achieve high per capita income is an important strategic lesson for the development of my country. It should be noted that the government of Korea devised all conceivable policy tools for export promotion. Promotion of exports allowed Korea, to exploit comparative advantages and cost-competitiveness in labour intensive manufactured goods. This intervention was critical as it helped the private sector have access to foreign markets and improve the quality of products to ably compete on the international markets. In boosting exports, Korea had to adopt various export promotion measures, tax exemption as well as devaluation of the currency which ar...
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Who Are The Leaders Of Tomorrow?
15. June 2018 at 20:58
by Alhaji Yusuf Yusuf
Every successful nation attaches more importance to the growth and development to its youths. The deliberate determination of a nation to upgrade the lives of its youths must be a major concern of the leaders, but in Nigeria, reverse seems to be the case, Nigerian leaders do not show concern for the well being of its entire citizenry.
The future leaders are the youths, who are expected to serve, protect and rule the nation. They hardly celebrate cherished societal values. We grew up believing the saying that the youths are the leaders of tomorrow, as a promise of hope and some sorts of assurance of a better tomorrow.

In Nigeria, the government has been designed by only the leaders of previous years; rule by the geriatric. As we all know that since when we were in primary school, we all chanted the song that "we are the leaders of tomorrow", but it was a fantasy and fallacy stage; only the gullible will still believe the deceptive words.

Meanwhile, the elites appeal to our conscience by giving us what I described as "false hope", in order to give them room to carry on with governance and the overall control of the economy and continue to whispe...
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